MWCNT-embedded Li4Ti5O12 microspheres interfacially modified with polyaniline as ternary composites for high-performance lithium ion battery anodes

Er Chieh Cho, Cai Wan Chang-Jian, Jia An Chou, Chieh Lin Chung, Po Cheng Ho, Kuen Chan Lee, Jui Hsiung Huang, Jen Hsien Huang, Yu Sheng Hsiao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In this study we used a spray-drying process and in situ polymerization to construct ternary composites of Li4Ti5O12 (LTO) embedded with multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) and interfacially modified with polyaniline (PANI). In these composites, the introduced MWCNTs served as conductive backbones within the spray-dried LTO microspheres, thereby lowering the internal resistance of the microcomposites. The polymerized PANI acted as a conductive adhesive to strengthen the interactions between the MWCNTs and the LTO, leading to a sturdier interface and enhanced ionic transport properties. With the combined effects of the embedded MWCNTs and the interfacially polymerized PANI, we observed significant enhancements in both the conductivity and the ionic diffusion kinetics of the LTO composites. As a result, the ternary composites displayed outstanding electrochemical performance, including enhanced rate capability and remarkable cycling stability. The ternary system delivered a discharge capacitance (134.98 mA h/g) at 20 C that was higher than those of bare LTO (38.6 mA h/g) and MWCNT/LTO (114.88 mA h/g). Furthermore, the composites also exhibited 92.7% retention of their specific capacitance after 200 repeated charge/discharge tests, indicating their excellent cycling life.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCeramics International
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

Carbon Nanotubes
Polyaniline
Microspheres
Carbon nanotubes
Anodes
Composite materials
Capacitance
Spray drying
Ternary systems
Transport properties
Adhesives
Polymerization
Lithium-ion batteries
polyaniline
Kinetics

Keywords

  • Anode material
  • Conductivity
  • LiTiO
  • MWCNT
  • Polyaniline
  • Surface modification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

MWCNT-embedded Li4Ti5O12 microspheres interfacially modified with polyaniline as ternary composites for high-performance lithium ion battery anodes. / Cho, Er Chieh; Chang-Jian, Cai Wan; Chou, Jia An; Chung, Chieh Lin; Ho, Po Cheng; Lee, Kuen Chan; Huang, Jui Hsiung; Huang, Jen Hsien; Hsiao, Yu Sheng.

In: Ceramics International, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cho, Er Chieh ; Chang-Jian, Cai Wan ; Chou, Jia An ; Chung, Chieh Lin ; Ho, Po Cheng ; Lee, Kuen Chan ; Huang, Jui Hsiung ; Huang, Jen Hsien ; Hsiao, Yu Sheng. / MWCNT-embedded Li4Ti5O12 microspheres interfacially modified with polyaniline as ternary composites for high-performance lithium ion battery anodes. In: Ceramics International. 2019.
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AU - Cho, Er Chieh

AU - Chang-Jian, Cai Wan

AU - Chou, Jia An

AU - Chung, Chieh Lin

AU - Ho, Po Cheng

AU - Lee, Kuen Chan

AU - Huang, Jui Hsiung

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AU - Hsiao, Yu Sheng

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AB - In this study we used a spray-drying process and in situ polymerization to construct ternary composites of Li4Ti5O12 (LTO) embedded with multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) and interfacially modified with polyaniline (PANI). In these composites, the introduced MWCNTs served as conductive backbones within the spray-dried LTO microspheres, thereby lowering the internal resistance of the microcomposites. The polymerized PANI acted as a conductive adhesive to strengthen the interactions between the MWCNTs and the LTO, leading to a sturdier interface and enhanced ionic transport properties. With the combined effects of the embedded MWCNTs and the interfacially polymerized PANI, we observed significant enhancements in both the conductivity and the ionic diffusion kinetics of the LTO composites. As a result, the ternary composites displayed outstanding electrochemical performance, including enhanced rate capability and remarkable cycling stability. The ternary system delivered a discharge capacitance (134.98 mA h/g) at 20 C that was higher than those of bare LTO (38.6 mA h/g) and MWCNT/LTO (114.88 mA h/g). Furthermore, the composites also exhibited 92.7% retention of their specific capacitance after 200 repeated charge/discharge tests, indicating their excellent cycling life.

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