Multi-posttranscriptional regulations lessen the repressive effect of SRPK1 on brown adipogenesis

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Abstract

Alternative splicing has been widely demonstrated to function as pivotal regulation in specifying cellular fates and biological functions. The relative expression or cellular localization of a splicing factor constitutes an important mechanism in spatiotemporal programming of cell- and stage-specific splicing profiles. In this study, results of deep RNA-sequencing (RNA-Seq) analyses first revealed the reprogrammed splicing profile and reduced expression of serine/arginine-rich splicing factor protein kinase 1 (SRPK1) throughout the development of brown adipose tissue (BAT). A gradual increase in the exon 10-skipped SRPK1 transcript, a potential target of a nonsense-mediated decay (NMD) mechanism, was noted during brown adipogenesis. Elevated RBM4a constituted the regulatory mechanism that led to skipping of SRPK1 exon 10. Moreover, brown adipogenesis-induced upregulation of microRNA (miR)-485 interfered with SRPK1 expression by targeting its 3′-untranslated region (UTR). Depletion of endogenous SRPK1 enhanced the development of C3H10T1/2 cells toward brown adipocytes. Taking our results together, multiple post-transcriptional regulations reduced SRPK1 expression, which subsequently affected brown adipogenesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)503-514
Number of pages12
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular and Cell Biology of Lipids
Volume1863
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2018

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Adipogenesis
Protein Kinases
Exons
Brown Adipocytes
RNA Sequence Analysis
High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing
Brown Adipose Tissue
Alternative Splicing
3' Untranslated Regions
MicroRNAs
RNA Splicing Factors
Up-Regulation
RNA

Keywords

  • Alternative splicing
  • Brown adipocyte
  • miR-485
  • RBM4
  • SRPK1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

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title = "Multi-posttranscriptional regulations lessen the repressive effect of SRPK1 on brown adipogenesis",
abstract = "Alternative splicing has been widely demonstrated to function as pivotal regulation in specifying cellular fates and biological functions. The relative expression or cellular localization of a splicing factor constitutes an important mechanism in spatiotemporal programming of cell- and stage-specific splicing profiles. In this study, results of deep RNA-sequencing (RNA-Seq) analyses first revealed the reprogrammed splicing profile and reduced expression of serine/arginine-rich splicing factor protein kinase 1 (SRPK1) throughout the development of brown adipose tissue (BAT). A gradual increase in the exon 10-skipped SRPK1 transcript, a potential target of a nonsense-mediated decay (NMD) mechanism, was noted during brown adipogenesis. Elevated RBM4a constituted the regulatory mechanism that led to skipping of SRPK1 exon 10. Moreover, brown adipogenesis-induced upregulation of microRNA (miR)-485 interfered with SRPK1 expression by targeting its 3′-untranslated region (UTR). Depletion of endogenous SRPK1 enhanced the development of C3H10T1/2 cells toward brown adipocytes. Taking our results together, multiple post-transcriptional regulations reduced SRPK1 expression, which subsequently affected brown adipogenesis.",
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AB - Alternative splicing has been widely demonstrated to function as pivotal regulation in specifying cellular fates and biological functions. The relative expression or cellular localization of a splicing factor constitutes an important mechanism in spatiotemporal programming of cell- and stage-specific splicing profiles. In this study, results of deep RNA-sequencing (RNA-Seq) analyses first revealed the reprogrammed splicing profile and reduced expression of serine/arginine-rich splicing factor protein kinase 1 (SRPK1) throughout the development of brown adipose tissue (BAT). A gradual increase in the exon 10-skipped SRPK1 transcript, a potential target of a nonsense-mediated decay (NMD) mechanism, was noted during brown adipogenesis. Elevated RBM4a constituted the regulatory mechanism that led to skipping of SRPK1 exon 10. Moreover, brown adipogenesis-induced upregulation of microRNA (miR)-485 interfered with SRPK1 expression by targeting its 3′-untranslated region (UTR). Depletion of endogenous SRPK1 enhanced the development of C3H10T1/2 cells toward brown adipocytes. Taking our results together, multiple post-transcriptional regulations reduced SRPK1 expression, which subsequently affected brown adipogenesis.

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