Abstract

Summary: Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is a hematopoietic malignancy caused by the constitutive activation of Bcr-Abl tyrosine kinase. The Bcr-Abl inhibitor imatinib and other second-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitors such as dasatinib and nilotinib have remarkable efficacy in CML treatment. However, gene mutation-mediated drug resistance remains a critical problem. Among point mutations, the Bcr-Abl T315I mutation confers resistance to these Bcr-Abl inhibitors. Previously, we have synthesized the compound (1-methyl-1H-indol-5-yl)-(3,4,5-trimethoxy-phenyl)-methanone (MPT0B002) as a novel microtubule inhibitor. In this study, we evaluated its effects on the proliferation, cell cycle, and apoptosis of K562 CML cells and BaF3 cells expressing either wild-type Bcr-Abl (BaF3/p210) or T315I-mutated Bcr-Abl (BaF3/T315I). MPT0B002 inhibited cell viability in a dose-dependent manner in these cells but did not affect the proliferation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells. It disrupted tubulin polymerization and arrested cell cycle at the G2/M phase. Treatment with MPT0B002 induced apoptosis, and this induction was associated with increased levels of cleaved caspase-3 and cleaved PARP. Furthermore, MPT0B002 can downregulate both Bcr-Abl and Bcr-Abl-T315I mRNA expressions and protein levels and the downstream signaling pathways. Taken together, our findings suggest that MPT0B002 may be considered a promising compound to downregulate not only wild type Bcr-Abl but also the T315I mutant to overcome Bcr-Abl-T315I mutation-mediated resistance in CML cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalInvestigational New Drugs
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Mar 27 2017

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Myeloid Cells
Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive
Microtubules
Down-Regulation
Apoptosis
Mutation
Cell Cycle
bcr-abl Fusion Proteins
G2 Phase
Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells
Hematologic Neoplasms
Tubulin
Point Mutation
Drug Resistance
Caspase 3
Polymerization
Cell Division
Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
Cell Survival
Messenger RNA

Keywords

  • Bcr-Abl
  • Chronic myeloid leukemia
  • Microtubule inhibitor
  • MPT0B002
  • Resistance
  • T315I

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

Cite this

@article{5b6d598bdaca49d7bb8f24548f95160f,
title = "MPT0B002, a novel microtubule inhibitor, downregulates T315I mutant Bcr-Abl and induces apoptosis of imatinib-resistant chronic myeloid leukemia cells",
abstract = "Summary: Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is a hematopoietic malignancy caused by the constitutive activation of Bcr-Abl tyrosine kinase. The Bcr-Abl inhibitor imatinib and other second-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitors such as dasatinib and nilotinib have remarkable efficacy in CML treatment. However, gene mutation-mediated drug resistance remains a critical problem. Among point mutations, the Bcr-Abl T315I mutation confers resistance to these Bcr-Abl inhibitors. Previously, we have synthesized the compound (1-methyl-1H-indol-5-yl)-(3,4,5-trimethoxy-phenyl)-methanone (MPT0B002) as a novel microtubule inhibitor. In this study, we evaluated its effects on the proliferation, cell cycle, and apoptosis of K562 CML cells and BaF3 cells expressing either wild-type Bcr-Abl (BaF3/p210) or T315I-mutated Bcr-Abl (BaF3/T315I). MPT0B002 inhibited cell viability in a dose-dependent manner in these cells but did not affect the proliferation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells. It disrupted tubulin polymerization and arrested cell cycle at the G2/M phase. Treatment with MPT0B002 induced apoptosis, and this induction was associated with increased levels of cleaved caspase-3 and cleaved PARP. Furthermore, MPT0B002 can downregulate both Bcr-Abl and Bcr-Abl-T315I mRNA expressions and protein levels and the downstream signaling pathways. Taken together, our findings suggest that MPT0B002 may be considered a promising compound to downregulate not only wild type Bcr-Abl but also the T315I mutant to overcome Bcr-Abl-T315I mutation-mediated resistance in CML cells.",
keywords = "Bcr-Abl, Chronic myeloid leukemia, Microtubule inhibitor, MPT0B002, Resistance, T315I",
author = "Yeh, {Yi Yen} and Liou, {Jing Ping} and Lee, {Yueh Lun} and Lin, {John Yi Chung} and Huang, {Huei Mei}",
year = "2017",
month = "3",
day = "27",
doi = "10.1007/s10637-017-0457-9",
language = "English",
pages = "1--9",
journal = "Investigational New Drugs",
issn = "0167-6997",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - MPT0B002, a novel microtubule inhibitor, downregulates T315I mutant Bcr-Abl and induces apoptosis of imatinib-resistant chronic myeloid leukemia cells

AU - Yeh, Yi Yen

AU - Liou, Jing Ping

AU - Lee, Yueh Lun

AU - Lin, John Yi Chung

AU - Huang, Huei Mei

PY - 2017/3/27

Y1 - 2017/3/27

N2 - Summary: Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is a hematopoietic malignancy caused by the constitutive activation of Bcr-Abl tyrosine kinase. The Bcr-Abl inhibitor imatinib and other second-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitors such as dasatinib and nilotinib have remarkable efficacy in CML treatment. However, gene mutation-mediated drug resistance remains a critical problem. Among point mutations, the Bcr-Abl T315I mutation confers resistance to these Bcr-Abl inhibitors. Previously, we have synthesized the compound (1-methyl-1H-indol-5-yl)-(3,4,5-trimethoxy-phenyl)-methanone (MPT0B002) as a novel microtubule inhibitor. In this study, we evaluated its effects on the proliferation, cell cycle, and apoptosis of K562 CML cells and BaF3 cells expressing either wild-type Bcr-Abl (BaF3/p210) or T315I-mutated Bcr-Abl (BaF3/T315I). MPT0B002 inhibited cell viability in a dose-dependent manner in these cells but did not affect the proliferation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells. It disrupted tubulin polymerization and arrested cell cycle at the G2/M phase. Treatment with MPT0B002 induced apoptosis, and this induction was associated with increased levels of cleaved caspase-3 and cleaved PARP. Furthermore, MPT0B002 can downregulate both Bcr-Abl and Bcr-Abl-T315I mRNA expressions and protein levels and the downstream signaling pathways. Taken together, our findings suggest that MPT0B002 may be considered a promising compound to downregulate not only wild type Bcr-Abl but also the T315I mutant to overcome Bcr-Abl-T315I mutation-mediated resistance in CML cells.

AB - Summary: Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is a hematopoietic malignancy caused by the constitutive activation of Bcr-Abl tyrosine kinase. The Bcr-Abl inhibitor imatinib and other second-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitors such as dasatinib and nilotinib have remarkable efficacy in CML treatment. However, gene mutation-mediated drug resistance remains a critical problem. Among point mutations, the Bcr-Abl T315I mutation confers resistance to these Bcr-Abl inhibitors. Previously, we have synthesized the compound (1-methyl-1H-indol-5-yl)-(3,4,5-trimethoxy-phenyl)-methanone (MPT0B002) as a novel microtubule inhibitor. In this study, we evaluated its effects on the proliferation, cell cycle, and apoptosis of K562 CML cells and BaF3 cells expressing either wild-type Bcr-Abl (BaF3/p210) or T315I-mutated Bcr-Abl (BaF3/T315I). MPT0B002 inhibited cell viability in a dose-dependent manner in these cells but did not affect the proliferation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells. It disrupted tubulin polymerization and arrested cell cycle at the G2/M phase. Treatment with MPT0B002 induced apoptosis, and this induction was associated with increased levels of cleaved caspase-3 and cleaved PARP. Furthermore, MPT0B002 can downregulate both Bcr-Abl and Bcr-Abl-T315I mRNA expressions and protein levels and the downstream signaling pathways. Taken together, our findings suggest that MPT0B002 may be considered a promising compound to downregulate not only wild type Bcr-Abl but also the T315I mutant to overcome Bcr-Abl-T315I mutation-mediated resistance in CML cells.

KW - Bcr-Abl

KW - Chronic myeloid leukemia

KW - Microtubule inhibitor

KW - MPT0B002

KW - Resistance

KW - T315I

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U2 - 10.1007/s10637-017-0457-9

DO - 10.1007/s10637-017-0457-9

M3 - Article

SP - 1

EP - 9

JO - Investigational New Drugs

JF - Investigational New Drugs

SN - 0167-6997

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