Motor control assessment for rhizotomy in cerebral palsy

Alice May Ken Wong, Chia Lingy Chen, Wei Hsien Hong, Fuk Tan Tang, Tai Ngar Lui, Shih Wei Chou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To apply motor control assessment for selection of appropriate spastic cerebral palsy children to receive selective posterior rhizotomy (SPR). Design: Forty children with spastic cerebral palsy (3-16 yr) were divided into three groups: "independent ambulator," "dependent ambulator," and "nonambulator." Another 18 healthy children were selected as the control group. Both motor control (tested by using polyelectromyography (PEMG)) and clinical ambulatory capability were assessed within 1 mo before SPR and 12 mo after. PEMG patterns were classified into seven patterns according to electromyographic activities during hip/knee flexion and extension. Gait patterns, which were analyzed by computer DynoGraphy, were classified into four patterns for children with ambulatory capability. Results: PEMG and gait patterns were correlated with ambulatory ability. PEMG patterns 2-3 could predict independent ambulatory ability, whereas patterns 6-7 will interfere with ambulatory ability. PEMG patterns showed significant improvement after SPR in the ambulatory groups (P <0.05), whereas they did not improve in the nonambulator group. Children with cerebral palsy with co-contraction of proximal/distal muscles had better results after SPR1 whereas those with diffuse co-contraction or reduced electromyography activities had poor results. Conclusions: PEMG patterns may allow the physician to select the appropriate children with spastic cerebral palsy to receive SPR with good results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)441-450
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Volume79
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2000
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cerebral Palsy
  • Motor Control
  • Rhizotomy
  • Spasticity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Rehabilitation
  • Health Professions(all)
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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