Mortality, morbidity, length and cost of hospitalization in very-low-birth-weight infants in the era of National Health Insurance in Taiwan: A medical center's experience

S. C. Chang, C. H. Lin, Y. J. Lin, T. F. Yeh

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10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The impact of implementation of the National Health Insurance on the outcome, cost, and length of hospitalization of very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants is not clear in Taiwan. These data are important for the planning of medical care and regionalization in this area. This study was an attempt to examine these questions. We retrospectively collected mortality, morbidity, and length and cost of hospitalization data of VLBW (BW < 1500 g) infants between March 1995 and February 1998. There were totally 162 patients enrolled. The overall mortality rate was 21.6%; the birth weight (BW)-specific mortality rate was 72%, 31%, 19%, and 3% for infants with BWs of < 750 g, 750-999 g, 1000-1249 g, and 1250-1499 g, respectively. The incidence of morbidities were: respiratory distress syndrome (74%), patent ductus arteriosus (36%), necrotizing enterocolitis (9%), sepsis (42%), intraventricular hemorrhage (15%), retinopathy of prematurity (31%), failure to pass auditory brainstem response (ABR) (34%), and chronic lung disease (17%). The average length of hospitalization was 67.2 days, and the cost per infant was 62 × 104 NT dollars; 108 ± 38 days, 73 ± 32 × 104 NT dollars if BW < 750 g; 94 ± 15 days, 99 ± 35 × 104 NT dollars if BW 750-999 g; 66 ± 23 days, 64 ± 36 × 104 NT dollars if BW 1000-1249 g; and 43 ± 14 days, 39 ± 37 × 104 NT dollars if BW 1250-1499 g. In conclusion, VLBW infants are associated with high mortality and morbidity rates. They have long lengths and high costs of hospitalization, and therefore deserve attention in the implementation of the National Health Insurance and regionalization.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)308-312
Number of pages5
JournalActa Paediatrica Taiwanica
Volume41
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2000
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Very Low Birth Weight Infant
National Health Programs
Taiwan
Birth Weight
Hospitalization
Morbidity
Costs and Cost Analysis
Mortality
Retinopathy of Prematurity
Necrotizing Enterocolitis
Patent Ductus Arteriosus
Brain Stem Auditory Evoked Potentials
Lung Diseases
Sepsis
Chronic Disease
Hemorrhage
Incidence

Keywords

  • Cost
  • Length of hospitalization
  • Morbidity
  • Mortality
  • VLBW infant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

@article{1ee2b81aa35348b6bfc723bf7f06463c,
title = "Mortality, morbidity, length and cost of hospitalization in very-low-birth-weight infants in the era of National Health Insurance in Taiwan: A medical center's experience",
abstract = "The impact of implementation of the National Health Insurance on the outcome, cost, and length of hospitalization of very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants is not clear in Taiwan. These data are important for the planning of medical care and regionalization in this area. This study was an attempt to examine these questions. We retrospectively collected mortality, morbidity, and length and cost of hospitalization data of VLBW (BW < 1500 g) infants between March 1995 and February 1998. There were totally 162 patients enrolled. The overall mortality rate was 21.6{\%}; the birth weight (BW)-specific mortality rate was 72{\%}, 31{\%}, 19{\%}, and 3{\%} for infants with BWs of < 750 g, 750-999 g, 1000-1249 g, and 1250-1499 g, respectively. The incidence of morbidities were: respiratory distress syndrome (74{\%}), patent ductus arteriosus (36{\%}), necrotizing enterocolitis (9{\%}), sepsis (42{\%}), intraventricular hemorrhage (15{\%}), retinopathy of prematurity (31{\%}), failure to pass auditory brainstem response (ABR) (34{\%}), and chronic lung disease (17{\%}). The average length of hospitalization was 67.2 days, and the cost per infant was 62 × 104 NT dollars; 108 ± 38 days, 73 ± 32 × 104 NT dollars if BW < 750 g; 94 ± 15 days, 99 ± 35 × 104 NT dollars if BW 750-999 g; 66 ± 23 days, 64 ± 36 × 104 NT dollars if BW 1000-1249 g; and 43 ± 14 days, 39 ± 37 × 104 NT dollars if BW 1250-1499 g. In conclusion, VLBW infants are associated with high mortality and morbidity rates. They have long lengths and high costs of hospitalization, and therefore deserve attention in the implementation of the National Health Insurance and regionalization.",
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AU - Chang, S. C.

AU - Lin, C. H.

AU - Lin, Y. J.

AU - Yeh, T. F.

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N2 - The impact of implementation of the National Health Insurance on the outcome, cost, and length of hospitalization of very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants is not clear in Taiwan. These data are important for the planning of medical care and regionalization in this area. This study was an attempt to examine these questions. We retrospectively collected mortality, morbidity, and length and cost of hospitalization data of VLBW (BW < 1500 g) infants between March 1995 and February 1998. There were totally 162 patients enrolled. The overall mortality rate was 21.6%; the birth weight (BW)-specific mortality rate was 72%, 31%, 19%, and 3% for infants with BWs of < 750 g, 750-999 g, 1000-1249 g, and 1250-1499 g, respectively. The incidence of morbidities were: respiratory distress syndrome (74%), patent ductus arteriosus (36%), necrotizing enterocolitis (9%), sepsis (42%), intraventricular hemorrhage (15%), retinopathy of prematurity (31%), failure to pass auditory brainstem response (ABR) (34%), and chronic lung disease (17%). The average length of hospitalization was 67.2 days, and the cost per infant was 62 × 104 NT dollars; 108 ± 38 days, 73 ± 32 × 104 NT dollars if BW < 750 g; 94 ± 15 days, 99 ± 35 × 104 NT dollars if BW 750-999 g; 66 ± 23 days, 64 ± 36 × 104 NT dollars if BW 1000-1249 g; and 43 ± 14 days, 39 ± 37 × 104 NT dollars if BW 1250-1499 g. In conclusion, VLBW infants are associated with high mortality and morbidity rates. They have long lengths and high costs of hospitalization, and therefore deserve attention in the implementation of the National Health Insurance and regionalization.

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