Morphine preconditioning attenuates neutrophil activation in rat models of myocardial infarction

Tzong Luen Wang, Hang Chang, Chi Ren Hung, Yung Zu Tseng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

56 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Previous results from our laboratory have suggested that morphine can attenuate neutrophil activation in patients with acute myocardial infarction. To elucidate if morphine preconditioning (PC) has the same effects via activation of neutrophil endopeptidase 24.11 (NEP), we measured serum levels of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), gp100(MEL14) and NEP in adult Wistar rats subjected to ten different protocols (n=10 for each) at baseline, immediately after and 2 h after morphine PC. All groups were subjected to 30 min of occlusion and 2 h of reperfusion. Similarly, morphine-induced PC was elicited by 3-min drug infusions (100 μg/kg) interspersed with 5-min drug- free periods before the prolonged 30-min occlusion. Infarct size (IS), as a percentage of the area at risk (AAR), was determined by triphenyltetrazolium staining. Pretreatment with morphine increased NEP activities (9.86±1.98 vs. 5.12±1.10 nmol/mg protein in control group; p

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)557-563
Number of pages7
JournalCardiovascular Research
Volume40
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 1998
Externally publishedYes

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Adhesion molecules
  • Myocardial infarction
  • Naloxone
  • Opioid receptors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this