Monozygotic twins with chromosome 22q11 microdeletions offer an ideal situation to observe the association of microdeletion and disrupted cardiovascular patterning. We report monozygotic twins concordant for 22q11.2 microdeletion but discordant for cardiovascular patterning. Both twins showed identical intracardiac defects including tetralogy of Fallot with pulmonary atresia. Nevertheless, their great vessel patternings were variable. These twins show that the mispatterning of the great vessels may not correlate with intracardiac morphogenesis. The discordant development of the great vessels, especially in the pulmonary vascular system, has clinical significance for prognosis. The phenotypic variability of cardiovascular anomalies seen in 22q11 microdeletion cannot be explained on the basis of genotypic difference.
- Cardiovascular patterning
- Chromosome 22q11 microdeletion
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine