Molecular epidemiology of HCV genotypes among injection drug users in taiwan: Full-length sequences of two new subtype 6w strains and a recombinant form-2b6w

Yuan Ming Lee, Huang Jie Lin, Yen Ju Chen, Cheng Ming Lee, Sheng Fan Wang, Kai Yuan Chang, Tzu Lang Chen, Hsin Fu Liu, Yi Ming Arthur Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

59 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) circulating recombinant form (CRF) 07-BC strain has caused serious outbreaks among injection drug users in Taiwan since 2004. The objective of this study was to conduct a molecular epidemiological study of HCV genotypes in intravenous drug users in Taiwan. Blood samples and questionnaires from 591 intravenous drug users infected with HIV-1 were collected nationwide. In total, 180 samples were selected for HCV genotyping using multiplex PCR and phylogenetic analysis of the core, E1 and NS5B regions. The Inno-Lipa assay was used to confirm multiple infections with different genotypes. Eighty percent had a single infection with subtype 1b being the most common subtype (24%), 12% had double infections and two had triple infections. In addition, three recombinant forms (RFs)-2a1a, 3a1b, and 2b6w were identified. Phylogenetic analyses showed that the 3a, 6a, and 6n strains were clustered with strains present in Thailand and mainland China. Full-length sequence analysis showed that two 6w strains shared 89.4-90.2% sequence homology with the 6(r) strain from the Guangdong Province, China. Bootscan analysis revealed that the recombination breakpoint of RF-2b6w was located at the NS2-NS3 junction. In summary, the distribution of HCV genotypes among Taiwanese intravenous drug users was complex and more than 12% of the drug users were infected with more than one genotype of HCV.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57-68
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Medical Virology
Volume82
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • HCV genotypes
  • Human immunodeficiency virus type 1
  • Injection drug users

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology
  • Infectious Diseases

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