Modulation of cytochrome P450-dependent monooxygenases in streptozotocin-induced diabetic hamster: II. Reverse role of insulin in P450 activity and defluorination

Tyng-Guey Chen, Yu-Ting Tai, Huai-Chia Chang, Chi Tzong Hong, Ruei-Ming Chen, Ta-Liang Chen

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Background: Metabolic activities of cytochrome (cyt) P450-dependent monooxygenase could be modulated by diabetic state in experimental diabetic animals. The purpose of this study is to validate the effect of insulin on the modulation of the metabolic activity of cyt P450 and the defluorination ability to inhalational anesthetics in diabetic animals. Methods: Diabetic state in golden Syrian hamster was achieved by intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin 40 mg/kg once a day for 4 days. After stabilization of diabetic state for 6 weeks, a regimen of insulin treatment given subcutaneously was carried out. Metabolic activities of cyt P450 were assessed by the reaction with benzo(a) pyrene, pentoxyresorufin, aniline and erythromycin (specific substrates). The metabolic activities of cyt 1A1, 2B1, 2E1 and 3A4 respectively in a NADPH-generating system in microsomal preparations of the diabetic hamsters were observed before and after insulin treatment, and were compared with the control group. The ability of defluorination was evaluated by measuring the free fluoride metabolites after incubating the microsomes with enflurane in diabetic and insulin-treated hamsters. Contents of cyt P450 isozymes were measured by electrophoresis and immunoblotting before and after insulin treatment. Pathological features of hepatocytes in diabetic hamsters were evaluated microscopically before and after insulin treatment. Results: The defluorination of enflurane and activity of aniline hydroxylase (cyt 2E1) were successfully induced by diabetic state (P

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)65-72
Number of pages8
JournalActa Anaesthesiologica Sinica
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2000



  • Cytochrome P450
  • Diabetes mellitus: experimental
  • Microsomes: liver, kidney

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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