Cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase (PDE) enzymes are felt to play a role in the regulation of inflammatory responses through their effects on cAMP. In this study, we investigated the effects of nonselective and isozyme selective PDE inhibitors on the proliferative responses of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) to ragweed (RW, a Th2 stimulus), tetanus toxoid (TT, a Th1 stimulus), and phytohemagglutinin in ragweed-allergic patients. The nonselective PDE inhibitor 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (IBMX) produced nearly identical concentration-dependent inhibition for PBMCs cultured with either Ag (RW and TT) or mitogen (phytohemagglutinin). Neither the type V inhibitor, zaprinast, nor the type III inhibitor, siguazodan, was effective at inhibiting antigen- or mitogendriven proliferative responses of human PBMCs. The type IV inhibitor, rolipram, was unique in its ability to inhibit the RW-driven proliferative response and, to a lesser extent, the TT-driven proliferative response. However, rolipram was ineffective at inhibiting the mitogen-driven proliferative response. Only with a combination of type III and type IV inhibitors could the efficacy on the TT response be made to approximate that of the type IV inhibitor alone in the RW-driven system. Although the efficacies of IBMX and rolipram were identical in the RW-driven system, the IC50 value of the latter was 10-fold lower, similar to the difference noted in the TT-driven system between IBMX alone and the combination of rolipram with siguazodan. Dose-response curves generated by using the D- or L-isomers of rolipram were not appreciably different from each other or from the curve generated with racemic rolipram. The addition of supraphysiologic doses of human rIL-2 and rIL-4 was unable to counteract the inhibitory effect of IBMX or rolipram. These data support the hypothesis that modulation of proliferation of PBMCs by selective PDE inhibitors varies in sensitivity with the type of stimulus used, and that the type IV PDE exerts the predominant cAMP-associated regulatory effect on allergen-driven proliferation. Finally, the inhibitory effect induced by rolipram is independent of its stereochemistry and cannot be exclusively attributed to deficits in IL-2 or IL-4.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 15 1994|
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