Minimising preoperative anxiety with music for day surgery patients - a randomised clinical trial

Cheng Hua Ni, Wei Her Tsai, Liang Ming Lee, Ching Chiu Kao, Yi Chung Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims and objectives. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of musical intervention on preoperative anxiety and vital signs in patients undergoing day surgery. Background. Studies and systematic meta-analyses have shown inconclusive results of the efficacy of music in reducing preoperative anxiety. We designed a study to provide additional evidence for its use in preoperative nursing care. Design. Randomised, controlled study. Method. Patients (n=183) aged 18-65 admitted to our outpatient surgery department were randomly assigned to either the experimental group (music delivered by earphones) or control group (no music) for 20minutes before surgery. Anxiety, measured by the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, and vital signs were measured before and after the experimental protocol. Results. A total of 172 patients (60 men and 112 women) with a mean age of 40·90 (SD 11·80) completed the study. The largest number (35·7%) was undergoing elective plastic surgery and 76·7% of the total reported previous experience with surgery. Even though there was only a low-moderate level of anxiety at the beginning of the study, both groups showed reduced anxiety and improved vital signs compared with baseline values; however, the intervention group reported significantly lower anxiety [mean change: -5·83 (SD 0·75) vs. -1·72 (SD 0·65), p

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)620-625
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Clinical Nursing
Volume21
Issue number5-6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2012

Fingerprint

Music
Ambulatory Surgical Procedures
Anxiety
Randomized Controlled Trials
Vital Signs
Preoperative Care
Plastic Surgery
Nursing Care
Meta-Analysis
Equipment and Supplies
Control Groups

Keywords

  • CAM
  • Musical intervention
  • Nurses
  • Nursing
  • Preoperative anxiety
  • State-Trait Anxiety Inventory
  • Taiwan

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

Cite this

Minimising preoperative anxiety with music for day surgery patients - a randomised clinical trial. / Ni, Cheng Hua; Tsai, Wei Her; Lee, Liang Ming; Kao, Ching Chiu; Chen, Yi Chung.

In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, Vol. 21, No. 5-6, 03.2012, p. 620-625.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ni, Cheng Hua ; Tsai, Wei Her ; Lee, Liang Ming ; Kao, Ching Chiu ; Chen, Yi Chung. / Minimising preoperative anxiety with music for day surgery patients - a randomised clinical trial. In: Journal of Clinical Nursing. 2012 ; Vol. 21, No. 5-6. pp. 620-625.
@article{0055a66f00854c04b57c645be41cc517,
title = "Minimising preoperative anxiety with music for day surgery patients - a randomised clinical trial",
abstract = "Aims and objectives. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of musical intervention on preoperative anxiety and vital signs in patients undergoing day surgery. Background. Studies and systematic meta-analyses have shown inconclusive results of the efficacy of music in reducing preoperative anxiety. We designed a study to provide additional evidence for its use in preoperative nursing care. Design. Randomised, controlled study. Method. Patients (n=183) aged 18-65 admitted to our outpatient surgery department were randomly assigned to either the experimental group (music delivered by earphones) or control group (no music) for 20minutes before surgery. Anxiety, measured by the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, and vital signs were measured before and after the experimental protocol. Results. A total of 172 patients (60 men and 112 women) with a mean age of 40·90 (SD 11·80) completed the study. The largest number (35·7{\%}) was undergoing elective plastic surgery and 76·7{\%} of the total reported previous experience with surgery. Even though there was only a low-moderate level of anxiety at the beginning of the study, both groups showed reduced anxiety and improved vital signs compared with baseline values; however, the intervention group reported significantly lower anxiety [mean change: -5·83 (SD 0·75) vs. -1·72 (SD 0·65), p",
keywords = "CAM, Musical intervention, Nurses, Nursing, Preoperative anxiety, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, Taiwan",
author = "Ni, {Cheng Hua} and Tsai, {Wei Her} and Lee, {Liang Ming} and Kao, {Ching Chiu} and Chen, {Yi Chung}",
year = "2012",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1111/j.1365-2702.2010.03466.x",
language = "English",
volume = "21",
pages = "620--625",
journal = "Journal of Clinical Nursing",
issn = "0962-1067",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "5-6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Minimising preoperative anxiety with music for day surgery patients - a randomised clinical trial

AU - Ni, Cheng Hua

AU - Tsai, Wei Her

AU - Lee, Liang Ming

AU - Kao, Ching Chiu

AU - Chen, Yi Chung

PY - 2012/3

Y1 - 2012/3

N2 - Aims and objectives. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of musical intervention on preoperative anxiety and vital signs in patients undergoing day surgery. Background. Studies and systematic meta-analyses have shown inconclusive results of the efficacy of music in reducing preoperative anxiety. We designed a study to provide additional evidence for its use in preoperative nursing care. Design. Randomised, controlled study. Method. Patients (n=183) aged 18-65 admitted to our outpatient surgery department were randomly assigned to either the experimental group (music delivered by earphones) or control group (no music) for 20minutes before surgery. Anxiety, measured by the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, and vital signs were measured before and after the experimental protocol. Results. A total of 172 patients (60 men and 112 women) with a mean age of 40·90 (SD 11·80) completed the study. The largest number (35·7%) was undergoing elective plastic surgery and 76·7% of the total reported previous experience with surgery. Even though there was only a low-moderate level of anxiety at the beginning of the study, both groups showed reduced anxiety and improved vital signs compared with baseline values; however, the intervention group reported significantly lower anxiety [mean change: -5·83 (SD 0·75) vs. -1·72 (SD 0·65), p

AB - Aims and objectives. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of musical intervention on preoperative anxiety and vital signs in patients undergoing day surgery. Background. Studies and systematic meta-analyses have shown inconclusive results of the efficacy of music in reducing preoperative anxiety. We designed a study to provide additional evidence for its use in preoperative nursing care. Design. Randomised, controlled study. Method. Patients (n=183) aged 18-65 admitted to our outpatient surgery department were randomly assigned to either the experimental group (music delivered by earphones) or control group (no music) for 20minutes before surgery. Anxiety, measured by the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, and vital signs were measured before and after the experimental protocol. Results. A total of 172 patients (60 men and 112 women) with a mean age of 40·90 (SD 11·80) completed the study. The largest number (35·7%) was undergoing elective plastic surgery and 76·7% of the total reported previous experience with surgery. Even though there was only a low-moderate level of anxiety at the beginning of the study, both groups showed reduced anxiety and improved vital signs compared with baseline values; however, the intervention group reported significantly lower anxiety [mean change: -5·83 (SD 0·75) vs. -1·72 (SD 0·65), p

KW - CAM

KW - Musical intervention

KW - Nurses

KW - Nursing

KW - Preoperative anxiety

KW - State-Trait Anxiety Inventory

KW - Taiwan

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84857029760&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84857029760&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/j.1365-2702.2010.03466.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1365-2702.2010.03466.x

M3 - Article

C2 - 21332853

AN - SCOPUS:84857029760

VL - 21

SP - 620

EP - 625

JO - Journal of Clinical Nursing

JF - Journal of Clinical Nursing

SN - 0962-1067

IS - 5-6

ER -