Microstructure and mechanical properties of Ti nitride/Ni metal-based composites fabricated by reactive sintering

Yi Cheng Chen, Fang Yu Fan, Meng Hsiu Tsai, Chien Hui Wu, Shyi Tien Chen, Shih Fu Ou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, a Ti nitride/Ni metal-based composite was fabricated by the carbothermal reduction reaction during the sintering process. After cold isostatic pressing, green compacts consisting of 50 wt% Ti and 50 wt% Ni were soaked in a water-based hot forging lubricant followed by sintering in air at 850, 950, and 1050 °C. The effects of the sintering temperature on the wear resistance and the compressive strength of the composites were investigated. During sintering, Ti particles were transformed to Ti nitride as TiN 0.3 at 850 °C, and then gradually transformed to TiN 0.3 and TiN at 950 °C accompanied by TiO 2 formation. The Ti oxide layer surrounding the outer surface of the Ti nitride particles has a hardness of 327.5 HV, which is lower than that of the Ti nitride particles (1224.0 HV) and higher than that of the Ni matrix (77.2 HV). The oxide layer is regarded as a buffer layer which can improve the adhesion of the Ti nitride particles and the Ni matrix. The compact sintered at 950 °C had the highest wear resistance and compressive strength among all the compacts due to its low porosity and thick oxide layer. The compact sintered at 850 °C had the lowest wear resistance, and the main fracture mechanism realizes due to the detachment of the Ti nitride particles from the Ni matrix. The wear fracture mechanism of the compact sintered at 1050 °C explained by the enlargement of the pores in the Ti nitride particle by abrasion.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCeramics International
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2019


  • Carbothermal reduction reaction
  • Metal-based composite
  • Ni
  • Ti nitride

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry


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