MicroRNA-328 may influence myopia development by mediating the PAX6 gene.

Ku Chung Chen, Edward Hsi, Ching Yu Hu, Wen Wen Chou, Chung Ling Liang, Suh Hang Hank Juo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We showed previously that single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs662702 in PAX6 may be located in a microRNA-328 binding site that causes susceptibility to high myopia. Our study was done to elucidate the role of PAX6 and its relationship with microRNA-328 in myopia. A luciferase assay was used to confirm microRNA-328 binding to the PAX6 locus. Clones containing each allele of rs662702 were created and tested for their binding affinity to microRNA-328. Because a low level of PAX6 is a risk factor for myopia, we tested whether knockdown of PAX6 affects retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells and scleral cells, as well as expression of myopia-related genes. We also tested for the effect of retinoic acid (RA) on microRNA-328 expression, since RA-responsive elements are predicted to lie in the microRNA-328 promoter. MicroRNA-328 was shown to bind to the wild-type, but not mutant 3' untranslated region (UTR) of PAX6. The risk C allele of rs644242 had strong response to microRNA-328 but the protective T allele did not respond to microRNA-328. Down-regulation of PAX6 in RPE increased RPE proliferation, but reduced scleral cell proliferation. In addition, transforming growth factor (TGF)-β3 in the RPE and matrix malleoproteinase-2 (MMP2) in the sclera were increased, while collagen I and integrin β1 in the sclera were decreased. RA dose-dependently increased microRNA-328 expression and, in turn, suppressed PAX6 expression. We elaborated the relationship among myopia development, SNP rs662702, microRNA-328 and RA. The data imply that reduction of miR-328 and/or RA can be potential strategies for myopia prevention or treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2732-2739
Number of pages8
JournalInvestigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science
Volume53
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - May 2012
Externally publishedYes

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Myopia
MicroRNAs
Tretinoin
Genes
Retinal Pigments
Sclera
Alleles
Single Nucleotide Polymorphism
Transforming Growth Factors
3' Untranslated Regions
Luciferases
Integrins
Collagen
Down-Regulation
Clone Cells
Epithelial Cells
Binding Sites
Cell Proliferation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Chen, K. C., Hsi, E., Hu, C. Y., Chou, W. W., Liang, C. L., & Juo, S. H. H. (2012). MicroRNA-328 may influence myopia development by mediating the PAX6 gene. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 53(6), 2732-2739.

MicroRNA-328 may influence myopia development by mediating the PAX6 gene. / Chen, Ku Chung; Hsi, Edward; Hu, Ching Yu; Chou, Wen Wen; Liang, Chung Ling; Juo, Suh Hang Hank.

In: Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Vol. 53, No. 6, 05.2012, p. 2732-2739.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chen, KC, Hsi, E, Hu, CY, Chou, WW, Liang, CL & Juo, SHH 2012, 'MicroRNA-328 may influence myopia development by mediating the PAX6 gene.', Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, vol. 53, no. 6, pp. 2732-2739.
Chen, Ku Chung ; Hsi, Edward ; Hu, Ching Yu ; Chou, Wen Wen ; Liang, Chung Ling ; Juo, Suh Hang Hank. / MicroRNA-328 may influence myopia development by mediating the PAX6 gene. In: Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science. 2012 ; Vol. 53, No. 6. pp. 2732-2739.
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