MicroRNA-21 promotes tumour malignancy via increased nuclear translocation of β-catenin and predicts poor outcome in APC-mutated but not in APC-wild-type colorectal cancer

Po Lin Lin, De Wei Wu, Chi Chou Huang, Tsung Ying He, Ming Chih Chou, Gwo Tarng Sheu, Huei Lee

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Abstract

MiR-21 has been associated with poor prognosis in colon adenocarcinomas. However, in our preliminary data, the prognostic value of miR-21 levels was observed only in adenomatous polyposis coli (APC)-mutated tumours, not in APC-wild-type tumours. We explored whether β-catenin nuclear translocation was synergistically promoted by miR-21 in APC-mutated cells but not in APC-wild-type cells. We enrolled 165 colorectal tumour to determine APC mutation, miR-21 levels and nuclear β-catenin expression by direct sequencing, real-time PCR and immunohistochemistry. Overall survival and relapse-free survival were analysed by Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression models. The mechanistic action of β-catenin nuclear translocation modulated by miR-21 and its effect on cell invasion were evaluated in a cell model. Positive nuclear β-catenin expression was more commonly occurred in APC-mutated tumours than in APC-wild-type tumours. High miR-21 levels were relatively more common in tumours with positive nuclear β-catenin expression than in those with negative nuclear β-catenin expression. APC-mutated tumours with high miR-21 levels had shorter overall survival and relapse-free survival periods compared with others. However, the prognostic value of miR-21 levels was not observed in APC-wild-type tumours. Phosphorylation of β-catenin at Ser552 via the miR-21-mediated PTEN/AKT axis plays a critical role in β-catenin nuclear translocation in APC-mutated cells but not in APC-wild-type cells. Moreover, nuclear β-catenin expression increased by miR-21 is responsible for the capability of invasiveness. In summary, nuclear translocation of β-catenin increased by miR-21 promotes tumour malignancy and a poor outcome in APC-mutated patients but not in APC-wild-type colorectal cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2175-2182
Number of pages8
JournalCarcinogenesis
Volume35
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2014

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Catenins
Adenomatous Polyposis Coli
MicroRNAs
Colorectal Neoplasms
Neoplasms
Survival
Recurrence
Proportional Hazards Models
Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

MicroRNA-21 promotes tumour malignancy via increased nuclear translocation of β-catenin and predicts poor outcome in APC-mutated but not in APC-wild-type colorectal cancer. / Lin, Po Lin; Wu, De Wei; Huang, Chi Chou; He, Tsung Ying; Chou, Ming Chih; Sheu, Gwo Tarng; Lee, Huei.

In: Carcinogenesis, Vol. 35, No. 10, 01.10.2014, p. 2175-2182.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lin, Po Lin ; Wu, De Wei ; Huang, Chi Chou ; He, Tsung Ying ; Chou, Ming Chih ; Sheu, Gwo Tarng ; Lee, Huei. / MicroRNA-21 promotes tumour malignancy via increased nuclear translocation of β-catenin and predicts poor outcome in APC-mutated but not in APC-wild-type colorectal cancer. In: Carcinogenesis. 2014 ; Vol. 35, No. 10. pp. 2175-2182.
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abstract = "MiR-21 has been associated with poor prognosis in colon adenocarcinomas. However, in our preliminary data, the prognostic value of miR-21 levels was observed only in adenomatous polyposis coli (APC)-mutated tumours, not in APC-wild-type tumours. We explored whether β-catenin nuclear translocation was synergistically promoted by miR-21 in APC-mutated cells but not in APC-wild-type cells. We enrolled 165 colorectal tumour to determine APC mutation, miR-21 levels and nuclear β-catenin expression by direct sequencing, real-time PCR and immunohistochemistry. Overall survival and relapse-free survival were analysed by Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression models. The mechanistic action of β-catenin nuclear translocation modulated by miR-21 and its effect on cell invasion were evaluated in a cell model. Positive nuclear β-catenin expression was more commonly occurred in APC-mutated tumours than in APC-wild-type tumours. High miR-21 levels were relatively more common in tumours with positive nuclear β-catenin expression than in those with negative nuclear β-catenin expression. APC-mutated tumours with high miR-21 levels had shorter overall survival and relapse-free survival periods compared with others. However, the prognostic value of miR-21 levels was not observed in APC-wild-type tumours. Phosphorylation of β-catenin at Ser552 via the miR-21-mediated PTEN/AKT axis plays a critical role in β-catenin nuclear translocation in APC-mutated cells but not in APC-wild-type cells. Moreover, nuclear β-catenin expression increased by miR-21 is responsible for the capability of invasiveness. In summary, nuclear translocation of β-catenin increased by miR-21 promotes tumour malignancy and a poor outcome in APC-mutated patients but not in APC-wild-type colorectal cancer.",
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AU - Wu, De Wei

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AU - He, Tsung Ying

AU - Chou, Ming Chih

AU - Sheu, Gwo Tarng

AU - Lee, Huei

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AB - MiR-21 has been associated with poor prognosis in colon adenocarcinomas. However, in our preliminary data, the prognostic value of miR-21 levels was observed only in adenomatous polyposis coli (APC)-mutated tumours, not in APC-wild-type tumours. We explored whether β-catenin nuclear translocation was synergistically promoted by miR-21 in APC-mutated cells but not in APC-wild-type cells. We enrolled 165 colorectal tumour to determine APC mutation, miR-21 levels and nuclear β-catenin expression by direct sequencing, real-time PCR and immunohistochemistry. Overall survival and relapse-free survival were analysed by Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression models. The mechanistic action of β-catenin nuclear translocation modulated by miR-21 and its effect on cell invasion were evaluated in a cell model. Positive nuclear β-catenin expression was more commonly occurred in APC-mutated tumours than in APC-wild-type tumours. High miR-21 levels were relatively more common in tumours with positive nuclear β-catenin expression than in those with negative nuclear β-catenin expression. APC-mutated tumours with high miR-21 levels had shorter overall survival and relapse-free survival periods compared with others. However, the prognostic value of miR-21 levels was not observed in APC-wild-type tumours. Phosphorylation of β-catenin at Ser552 via the miR-21-mediated PTEN/AKT axis plays a critical role in β-catenin nuclear translocation in APC-mutated cells but not in APC-wild-type cells. Moreover, nuclear β-catenin expression increased by miR-21 is responsible for the capability of invasiveness. In summary, nuclear translocation of β-catenin increased by miR-21 promotes tumour malignancy and a poor outcome in APC-mutated patients but not in APC-wild-type colorectal cancer.

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