Micrococcus species-related peritonitis in patients receiving peritoneal dialysis

Chih Chin Kao, Chih Kang Chiang, Jenq Wen Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Peritonitis is a major complication of peritoneal dialysis (PD) and remains the most common cause of PD failure. Micrococci are catalase-positive, coagulase-negative, and gram-positive cocci that are spherical, often found in tetrad, and belong to the family Micrococcaceae. Micrococcus species are commonly found in the environment, and it is now recognized that Micrococcus species can be opportunistic pathogens in immunocompromised patients. The only consistent predisposing factor for Micrococcus infection is an immunocompromised state. We report three cases of Micrococcus PD peritonitis. Improper practice of PD may have been the causative factor. Although Micrococcus species are low-virulence pathogens, infection could result in refractory peritonitis and subsequent PD failure. Intraperitoneal administration of vancomycin for at least 2 weeks is recommended for Micrococcus peritonitis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)261-264
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Urology and Nephrology
Volume46
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Micrococcus
  • Peritoneal dialysis
  • Peritonitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology
  • Urology

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