Microbial metabolism of steviol and steviol-16α,17-epoxide

Li Ming Yang, Feng-Lin Hsu, Shwu Fen Chang, Juei Tang Cheng, Ju Yin Hsu, Chung-Yi Hsu, Pan Chun Liu, Shwu Jiuan Lin

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16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Steviol (2) possesses a blood glucose-lowering property. In order to produce potentially more- or less-active, toxic, or inactive metabolites compared to steviol (2), its microbial metabolism was investigated. Incubation of 2 with the microorganisms Bacillus megaterium ATCC 14581, Mucor recurvatus MR 36, and Aspergillus niger BCRC 32720 yielded one new metabolite, ent-7α,11β,13-trihydroxykaur-16-en-19-oic acid (7), together with four known related biotransformation products, ent-7α,13-dihydroxykaur-16-en-19-oic acid (3), ent-13-hydroxykaur-16-en-19-α-d-glucopyranosyl ester (4), ent-13,16β,17-trihydroxykauran-19-oic acid (5), and ent-13-hydroxy-7-ketokaur-16-en-19-oic acid (6). The preliminary testing of antihyperglycemic effects showed that 5 was more potent than the parent compound (2). Thus, the microbial metabolism of steviol-16α,17-epoxide (8) with M. recurvatus MR 36 was continued to produce higher amounts of 5 for future study of its action mechanism. Preparative-scale fermentation of 8 yielded 5, ent-11α,13,16α,17-tetrahydroxykauran-19-oic acid (10), ent-1β,17-dihydroxy-16-ketobeyeran-19-oic acid (11), and ent-7α,17-dihydroxy-16-ketobeyeran-19-oic acid (13), together with three new metabolites: ent-13,16β-dihydroxykauran-17-acetoxy-19-oic acid (9), ent-11β,13-dihydroxy-16β,17-epoxykauran-19-oic acid (12), and ent-11β,13,16β,17-tetrahydroxykauran-19-oic acid (14). The structures of the compounds were fully elucidated using 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopic techniques, as well as HRFABMS. In addition, a GRE (glucocorticoid responsive element)-mediated luciferase reporter assay was used to initially screen the compounds 3-5, and 7 as glucocorticoid agonists. Compounds 4, 5 and 7 showed significant effects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)562-570
Number of pages9
JournalPhytochemistry
Volume68
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2007

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Keywords

  • Diterpenoid
  • Microbial transformation
  • Steviol
  • Steviol-16α,17-epoxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Drug Discovery

Cite this

Yang, L. M., Hsu, F-L., Chang, S. F., Cheng, J. T., Hsu, J. Y., Hsu, C-Y., Liu, P. C., & Lin, S. J. (2007). Microbial metabolism of steviol and steviol-16α,17-epoxide. Phytochemistry, 68(4), 562-570. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2006.11.021