Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the utilization of mobile phone technology for treatment adherence, prevention, education, data collection, monitoring long-term management of HIV/AIDS and TB patients. Methods: Articles published in English language from January 2005 until now from PubMed/MEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science, WHO databases, and clinical trials were included. Data extraction is based on medication adherence, quality of care, prevention, education, motivation for HIV test, data collection from HIV lab test results and patient monitoring. Articles selected for the analysis cover RCTs and non RCTs related to the use of mobile phones for long-term care and treatment of HIV/AIDS and TB patients. Results: Out of 90 articles selected for the analysis, a large number of studies, 44 (49%) were conducted in developing countries, 24 (26%) studies from developed countries, 12 (13%) are systematic reviews and 10 (11%) did not mention study location. Forty seven (52.2%) articles focused on treatment, 11 (12.2%) on quality of care, 8 (9%) on prevention, 13 (14.4%) on education, 6 (6.6%) on data collection, and 5 (5.5%) on patient monitoring. Overall, 66 (73%) articles reported positive effects, 21 (23%) were neutral and 3 (4%) reported negative results. Conclusions: Mobile phone technology is widely reported to be an effective tool for HIV/AIDS and TB long-term care. It can substantially reduce disease burden on health care systems by rendering more efficient prevention, treatment, education, data collection and management support.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)257-265
Number of pages9
JournalComputer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
Volume122
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2015

Fingerprint

Cell Phones
Telemedicine
Mobile phones
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Tuberculosis
Education
HIV
Patient monitoring
Quality of Health Care
Physiologic Monitoring
Long-Term Care
Technology
Health care
Developing countries
Medication Adherence
Therapeutics
Developed Countries
PubMed
MEDLINE
Developing Countries

Keywords

  • HIV/AIDS
  • Long-term management
  • MHealth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Software
  • Health Informatics

Cite this

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title = "MHealth: An updated systematic review with a focus on HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis long term management using mobile phones",
abstract = "Objective: To evaluate the utilization of mobile phone technology for treatment adherence, prevention, education, data collection, monitoring long-term management of HIV/AIDS and TB patients. Methods: Articles published in English language from January 2005 until now from PubMed/MEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science, WHO databases, and clinical trials were included. Data extraction is based on medication adherence, quality of care, prevention, education, motivation for HIV test, data collection from HIV lab test results and patient monitoring. Articles selected for the analysis cover RCTs and non RCTs related to the use of mobile phones for long-term care and treatment of HIV/AIDS and TB patients. Results: Out of 90 articles selected for the analysis, a large number of studies, 44 (49{\%}) were conducted in developing countries, 24 (26{\%}) studies from developed countries, 12 (13{\%}) are systematic reviews and 10 (11{\%}) did not mention study location. Forty seven (52.2{\%}) articles focused on treatment, 11 (12.2{\%}) on quality of care, 8 (9{\%}) on prevention, 13 (14.4{\%}) on education, 6 (6.6{\%}) on data collection, and 5 (5.5{\%}) on patient monitoring. Overall, 66 (73{\%}) articles reported positive effects, 21 (23{\%}) were neutral and 3 (4{\%}) reported negative results. Conclusions: Mobile phone technology is widely reported to be an effective tool for HIV/AIDS and TB long-term care. It can substantially reduce disease burden on health care systems by rendering more efficient prevention, treatment, education, data collection and management support.",
keywords = "HIV/AIDS, Long-term management, MHealth",
author = "Devi, {Balla Rama} and Shabbir Syed-Abdul and Arun Kumar and Usman Iqbal and Nguyen, {Phung Anh} and Li, {Yu Chuan Jack} and Jian, {Wen Shan}",
year = "2015",
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AU - Kumar, Arun

AU - Iqbal, Usman

AU - Nguyen, Phung Anh

AU - Li, Yu Chuan Jack

AU - Jian, Wen Shan

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AB - Objective: To evaluate the utilization of mobile phone technology for treatment adherence, prevention, education, data collection, monitoring long-term management of HIV/AIDS and TB patients. Methods: Articles published in English language from January 2005 until now from PubMed/MEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science, WHO databases, and clinical trials were included. Data extraction is based on medication adherence, quality of care, prevention, education, motivation for HIV test, data collection from HIV lab test results and patient monitoring. Articles selected for the analysis cover RCTs and non RCTs related to the use of mobile phones for long-term care and treatment of HIV/AIDS and TB patients. Results: Out of 90 articles selected for the analysis, a large number of studies, 44 (49%) were conducted in developing countries, 24 (26%) studies from developed countries, 12 (13%) are systematic reviews and 10 (11%) did not mention study location. Forty seven (52.2%) articles focused on treatment, 11 (12.2%) on quality of care, 8 (9%) on prevention, 13 (14.4%) on education, 6 (6.6%) on data collection, and 5 (5.5%) on patient monitoring. Overall, 66 (73%) articles reported positive effects, 21 (23%) were neutral and 3 (4%) reported negative results. Conclusions: Mobile phone technology is widely reported to be an effective tool for HIV/AIDS and TB long-term care. It can substantially reduce disease burden on health care systems by rendering more efficient prevention, treatment, education, data collection and management support.

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