Metoclopramide Therapy and Movement Disorders in a Diabetice─Uremic Subject With Bilateral Basal Ganglia Lesions

Chun Sum Ho, Rey-Yue Yuan, His Hsien Chen, Jia Ming Yu, Jau-Jiuan Sheu

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Abstract

The etiologies of the syndrome of acute bilateral basal ganglia lesions in diabeticeuremic subjects have been postulated to involve metabolic and/or vascular factors related to diabetes mellitus, uremic toxins, metabolic acidosis, and hypoxemia. The role of dopamine receptor antagonists in the pathophysiology of this disorder has never been discussed before. We present a diabeticeuremic subject who developed bilateral basal ganglia lesions and involuntary movements after metoclopramide therapy. All workup test
results were negative except that for impaired renal function. The involuntary movements disappeared after discontinuation of metoclopramide. She developed acute parkinsonism with gait disturbance after metoclopramide therapy several months after the first episode. Her gait gradually improved after discontinuation of metoclopramide. We suggests that metoclopramide therapy may further damage the vulnerable basal ganglia and lead to drug-induced parkinsonism and also the syndrome of acute bilateral basal ganglia lesions in this diabeticeuremic subject. Dopamine receptor antagonists should be avoided or used with caution in subjects with diabetes and uremia.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)50-52
JournalJournal of Experimental and Clinical Medicine
Volume3
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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Keywords

  • basal ganglia
  • diabetes mellitus
  • metoclopramide
  • movement disorder
  • uremia

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