Methoxyphenyl chalcone sensitizes aggressive epithelial cancer to cisplatin through apoptosis induction and cancer stem cell eradication

Yu Kai Su, Wen Chien Huang, Wei Hwa Lee, Oluwaseun Adebayo Bamodu, Muhammad Ary Zucha, Indwiani Astuti, Heri Suwito, Chi Tai Yeh, Chien Min Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Current standard chemotherapy for late stage ovarian cancer is found unsuccessful due to relapse after completing the regimens. After completing platinum-based chemotherapy, 70% of patients develop relapse and resistance. Recent evidence proves ovarian cancer stem cells as the source of resistance. Therefore, treatment strategy to target both cancer stem cells and normal stem cells is essential. In this study, we developed a novel chalcone derivative as novel drug candidate for ovarian cancer treatment. We found that methoxyphenyl chalcone was effective to eliminate ovarian cancer cells when given either as monotherapy or in combination with cisplatin. We found that cell viability of ovarian cancer cells was decreased through apoptosis induction. Dephosphorylation of Bcl2-associated agonist of cell death protein was increased after methoxyphenyl chalcone treatment that led to activation of caspases. Interestingly, this drug also worked as a G2/M checkpoint modulator with alternative ways of DNA damage signal-evoking potential that might work to increase response after cisplatin treatment. In addition, methoxyphenyl chalcone was able to suppress autophagic flux and stemness regulator in ovarian spheroids that decreased their survival. Therefore, combination of methoxyphenyl chalcone and cisplatin showed synergistic effects. Taken together, we believe that our novel compound is a promising novel therapeutic agent for effective clinical treatment of ovarian cancer.

Original languageEnglish
JournalTumor Biology
Volume39
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2017

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • Autophagy
  • Chemo resistance
  • Methoxyphenyl chalcone
  • Ovarian cancer stem cells
  • Phytochemical
  • Tumorspheres

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research

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