Metabolic rate and energy balance in infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia

T. F. Yeh, D. A. McClenan, O. A. Ajayi, R. S. Pildes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

48 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To determine energy use and growth of infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BDP), we studied metabolic rate and energy balance in five infants with stage III-IV BPD (birth weight 1309±530 gm, gestational age 32±3 weeks, postnatal age 59.8±14.2 days) and in five control infants (birth weight 1540±213 gm, gestational age 33±2 weeks, postnatal age 42.0±4.2 days). infants with BPD had significantly lower energy intake but higher energy expenditure than did control infants. Weight gain and energy cost of growth were significantly less in BPD infants than in control infants, as were urine output and output/intake ratio. We conclude that infants with BPD (1) absorbed caloric intake as well as did normal control infants, (2) had low energy intake and high energy expenditure, resulting in poor weight gain, and (3) had low energy cost of growth, suggesting an alteration in composition of tissue gain, with relatively high water content.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)448-451
Number of pages4
JournalThe Journal of Pediatrics
Volume114
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1989
Externally publishedYes

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Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia
Energy Intake
Birth Weight
Energy Metabolism
Gestational Age
Weight Gain
Growth
Costs and Cost Analysis
Urine
Water

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Metabolic rate and energy balance in infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia. / Yeh, T. F.; McClenan, D. A.; Ajayi, O. A.; Pildes, R. S.

In: The Journal of Pediatrics, Vol. 114, No. 3, 01.01.1989, p. 448-451.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Yeh, T. F. ; McClenan, D. A. ; Ajayi, O. A. ; Pildes, R. S. / Metabolic rate and energy balance in infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia. In: The Journal of Pediatrics. 1989 ; Vol. 114, No. 3. pp. 448-451.
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