放射線治療後癌症病人身體活動、自我效能與生活品質之中介關係探討

Translated title of the contribution: Mediating Role of Self-Efficacy in Effect of Physical Activity on Quality of Life in Patients with Cancer after Radiotherapy

蔡曉菁, 黃采薇

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Physical inactivity is the fourth leading risk factor for mortality globally and causes 6% of all deaths worldwide. This study explored the relationships among physical activity, self-efficacy, and quality of life and tested whether self-efficacy mediates the effect of physical activity on quality of life in patients with cancer. A cross-sectional design was adopted, and 150 patients with cancer who had undergone radiotherapy were recruited. Instruments included the Godin Leisure-Time Exercise Questionnaire physical activity preference survey form, European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer QLQ-C30, and physical activity self-efficacy scale. Of the patients in this study, 24% matched the suggestion for physical activity. The self-efficacy score was low (mean= 2.33±1.37). The quality of life score was average (mean= 45.72±17.21). Physical activity was positively related to self-efficacy. Physical activity and self-efficacy were positively interrelated to quality of life in the patients (r=0.336-0.549, p< .001). Self-efficacy completely mediated the effects of physical activity on quality of life. These tests were conducted to explore how the phenomenon of self-efficacy affects quality of life in patients with cancer and to investigate the mediating role of self-efficacy in the effects of physical activity on quality of life. The current findings are of clinical importance and can serve as a reference for how to improve the effect of self-efficacy on physical activity among patients with cancer.
Original languageTraditional Chinese
Pages (from-to)239-247
Number of pages9
Journal榮總護理
Volume34
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2017

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Self Efficacy
Radiotherapy
Quality of Life
Exercise
Neoplasms
Leisure Activities
Organizations

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放射線治療後癌症病人身體活動、自我效能與生活品質之中介關係探討. / 蔡曉菁; 黃采薇.

In: 榮總護理, Vol. 34, No. 3, 01.09.2017, p. 239-247.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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title = "放射線治療後癌症病人身體活動、自我效能與生活品質之中介關係探討",
abstract = "身體不活動是全球死亡率的第四大危險因素,佔所有死亡人數的6{\%}。本研究旨在瞭解放射線治療後癌症病人之身體活動、自我效能及生活品質的現況,並探討三者間之中介關係。採橫斷式、描述相關性研究設計,共收集150位完成放射線治療之癌症病人,以Godin休閒時間活動指數(Leisure score index of the godin leisure time exercise questionnaire)、歐洲癌症研究與治療組織生活品質核心問卷(EORTC QLQ-C30)及身體活動自我效能問卷(Physical activity self-efficacy scale)等。利用描述性統計、t-test、皮爾森積差相關、變異數及複迴歸分析進行。研究結果:(一)24{\%}癌症病人之身體活動符合身體建議量;(二)癌症病人自我效能偏低,平均為2.33±1.37分;(三)整體健康生活品質為中等,平均為45.72±17.21分;(四)身體活動、自我效能、生活品質間三者互成正相關(r=0.336~0.549, p<.001),並發現自我效能為身體活動與生活品質之中介變項。本研究建議醫護人員需加強放射線治療癌症病人的自我效能,以促進身體活動,達到較佳的生活品質。",
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N2 - 身體不活動是全球死亡率的第四大危險因素,佔所有死亡人數的6%。本研究旨在瞭解放射線治療後癌症病人之身體活動、自我效能及生活品質的現況,並探討三者間之中介關係。採橫斷式、描述相關性研究設計,共收集150位完成放射線治療之癌症病人,以Godin休閒時間活動指數(Leisure score index of the godin leisure time exercise questionnaire)、歐洲癌症研究與治療組織生活品質核心問卷(EORTC QLQ-C30)及身體活動自我效能問卷(Physical activity self-efficacy scale)等。利用描述性統計、t-test、皮爾森積差相關、變異數及複迴歸分析進行。研究結果:(一)24%癌症病人之身體活動符合身體建議量;(二)癌症病人自我效能偏低,平均為2.33±1.37分;(三)整體健康生活品質為中等,平均為45.72±17.21分;(四)身體活動、自我效能、生活品質間三者互成正相關(r=0.336~0.549, p<.001),並發現自我效能為身體活動與生活品質之中介變項。本研究建議醫護人員需加強放射線治療癌症病人的自我效能,以促進身體活動,達到較佳的生活品質。

AB - 身體不活動是全球死亡率的第四大危險因素,佔所有死亡人數的6%。本研究旨在瞭解放射線治療後癌症病人之身體活動、自我效能及生活品質的現況,並探討三者間之中介關係。採橫斷式、描述相關性研究設計,共收集150位完成放射線治療之癌症病人,以Godin休閒時間活動指數(Leisure score index of the godin leisure time exercise questionnaire)、歐洲癌症研究與治療組織生活品質核心問卷(EORTC QLQ-C30)及身體活動自我效能問卷(Physical activity self-efficacy scale)等。利用描述性統計、t-test、皮爾森積差相關、變異數及複迴歸分析進行。研究結果:(一)24%癌症病人之身體活動符合身體建議量;(二)癌症病人自我效能偏低,平均為2.33±1.37分;(三)整體健康生活品質為中等,平均為45.72±17.21分;(四)身體活動、自我效能、生活品質間三者互成正相關(r=0.336~0.549, p<.001),並發現自我效能為身體活動與生活品質之中介變項。本研究建議醫護人員需加強放射線治療癌症病人的自我效能,以促進身體活動,達到較佳的生活品質。

KW - 身體活動

KW - 自我效能

KW - 生活品質

KW - 中介變項

KW - physical activity

KW - self-efficacy

KW - quality of life

KW - mediation

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DO - 10.6142/VGHN.34.3.239

M3 - 文章

VL - 34

SP - 239

EP - 247

JO - 榮總護理

JF - 榮總護理

SN - 0258-4727

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ER -