Mechanisms Responsible for Adsorption of Molybdate ions on Alumina for the Production of Medical Radioisotopes

Yoshitaka Fujita, Tomotake Niizeki, Nobuyoshi Fukumitsu, Katsuhiko Ariga, Yusuke Yamauchi, Victor Malgras, Yusuf Valentino Kaneti, Chia Hung Liu, Kentaro Hatano, Hisayuki Suematsu, Tatsuya Suzuki, Kunihiko Tsuchiya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In this work, the mechanisms responsible for the adsorption of molybdate ions on alumina are investigated using in-depth surface analyses of alumina specimens immersed in solutions containing different molybdate ions at different pH values. The obtained results reveal that when alumina is immersed in an acidic solution containing molybdate ions, the hydroxyl groups present on the surface are removed to generate positively charged sites, and molybdate ions (MoO42- or AlMo6O24H63-) are adsorbed via an electrostatic interaction. Alumina dissolves slightly in an acidic solution to form AlMo6O24H63-, which is more easily desorbed than MoO42-. Furthermore, the enhancement in the Mo adsorption or desorption property may be achieved by enriching the surface of the alumina adsorbent with many OH groups and optimizing Mo solution to adsorb molybdate ions on alumina as MoO42- ions. These findings will assist researchers in engineering more efficient and stable alumina-based adsorbents for molybdenum adsorption used in medical radioisotope (99Mo/99mTc) generators.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)129-137
Number of pages9
JournalBulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan
Volume95
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Keywords

  • Adsorption mechanisms
  • Alumina
  • Metal ion adsorption

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

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