Maspin is a member of the clade B serine protease inhibitor superfamily and exhibits diverse regulatory effects in various types of solid tumors. We compared the expressions of maspin and determined its potential biological functions and regulatory mechanisms in bladder carcinoma cells in vitro and in vivo. The results of RT-qPCR indicated that maspin expressed significantly lower levels in the bladder cancer tissues than in the paired normal tissues. The immunohistochemical assays of human bladder tissue arrays revealed similar results. Maspinknockdown enhanced cell invasion whereas the overexpression of maspin resulted in the opposite process taking place. Knockdown of maspin also enhanced tumorigenesis in vivo and downregulated protein levels of acetyl-histone H3. Moreover, in bladder carcinoma cells, maspin modulated HDAC1 target genes, including cyclin D1, p21, MMP9, and vimentin. Treatment with MK2206, which is an Akt inhibitor, upregulated maspin expression, whereas PTEN-knockdown or PTEN activity inhibitor (VO-OHpic) treatments demonstrated reverse results. The ectopic overexpression of p53 or camptothecin treatment induced maspin expression. Our study indicated that maspin is a PTEN-upregulated and p53-upregulated gene that blocks cell growth in vitro and in vivo, and may act as an HDAC1 inhibitor in bladder carcinoma cells. We consider that maspin is a potential tumor suppressor gene in bladder cancer.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research