Rationale:The incidence of Martin-Gruber anastomosis ranges from 5% to 34%, which is characterized by crossing over from the median to the ulnar nerve and innervating the first dorsal interosseous, thenar or hypothenar muscles. However, the reverse Martin-Gruber anastomosis, or Marinacci anastomosis, is far less discussed and appears in recent literature.Patient concerns:A 56-year-old man presented to the clinic of a university hospital because of left neck soreness with numbness radiating to the left lateral shoulder. The neck discomfort was aggravated while the neck rotated or tilted to the right.Diagnosis:Higher compound muscle action potential over the abductor pollicis brevis on elbow stimulation than on the wrist was found during upper limb nerve conduction velocity study. Ulnar to median anastomosis was identified.Intervention:We performed cervical spine X-ray and electrophysiological examinations and monitored the patient.Outcomes:We identified that this patient had left C5 and C6 subacute radiculopathy with active denervation and left subclinical ulnar sensory neuropathy, and verified the existence of ulnar-To-median anastomosis.Lessons:We demonstrated a pure motor ulnar-To-median anastomosis without sensory correspondence and higher CMAP over the abductor pollicis brevis on elbow stimulation of the ulnar nerve than on the wrist. The prevalence might be underestimated in a Chinese population-based published study.
- Ulnar to median
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