Mammalian target of rapamycin and p70S6K mediate thrombin-induced nuclear factor-κB activation and IL-8/CXCL8 release in human lung epithelial cells

Chien Huang Lin, Chung Hung Shih, Chun Ping Jiang, Heng Ching Wen, Wun Hao Cheng, Bing Chang Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Thrombin plays a crucial role in lung inflammatory diseases such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Thrombin induces the release of interleukin-8 (IL-8)/CXCL8 by lung epithelial cells, and this phenomenon plays a vital role in lung inflammation. Our previous studies have indicated that thrombin stimulates IL-8/CXCL8 expression through PI3K/Akt/IκB kinase (IKK)α/β/nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) and p300 pathways in human lung epithelial cells. In the present study, we explored the roles of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and p70S6 kinase (p70S6K) in thrombin-induced NF-κB activation and IL-8/CXCL8 release in human lung epithelial cells. In this study, we found that rapamycin (an mTOR inhibitor) and p70S6K siRNA diminished thrombin-induced IL-8/CXCL8 release. Thrombin induced mTOR Ser2448 phosphorylation and p70S6K Thr389 phosphorylation in a time-dependent manner. Moreover, rapamycin attenuated thrombin-stimulated p70S6K phosphorylation. We also found that transfection of cells with the dominant negative mutant of Akt (Akt DN) reduced the thrombin-induced increase in mTOR phosphorylation and p70S6K phosphorylation. Moreover, thrombin-stimulated p300 phosphorylation was attenuated by Akt DN, rapamycin, and p70S6K siRNA. Thrombin triggered p70S6K translocation from the cytosol to the nucleus in a time-dependent manner. Thrombin induced the complex formation of p70S6K, p300, and p65; acetylation of p65 Lys310, and recruitment of p70S6K, p300, and p65 to the κB-binding site of the IL-8/CXCL8 promoter region. In conclusion, these results indicate that thrombin initiates the Akt-dependent mTOR/p70S6K signaling pathway to promote p300 phosphorylation and NF-κB activation and finally induces IL-8/CXCL8 release in human lung epithelial cells.

Original languageEnglish
Article number172879
JournalEuropean Journal of Pharmacology
Volume868
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 5 2020

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Complement Factor B
Sirolimus
Interleukin-8
Thrombin
Phosphotransferases
Epithelial Cells
Lung
Phosphorylation
eIF-2 Kinase
Small Interfering RNA
Acetylation
Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases
Genetic Promoter Regions
Cytosol
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Lung Diseases
Transfection
Pneumonia
Asthma
Binding Sites

Keywords

  • IL-8/CXCL8
  • Lung inflammation
  • Mammalian target of rapamycin
  • Signalling pathway
  • Thrombin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

Cite this

Mammalian target of rapamycin and p70S6K mediate thrombin-induced nuclear factor-κB activation and IL-8/CXCL8 release in human lung epithelial cells. / Lin, Chien Huang; Shih, Chung Hung; Jiang, Chun Ping; Wen, Heng Ching; Cheng, Wun Hao; Chen, Bing Chang.

In: European Journal of Pharmacology, Vol. 868, 172879, 05.02.2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Thrombin plays a crucial role in lung inflammatory diseases such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Thrombin induces the release of interleukin-8 (IL-8)/CXCL8 by lung epithelial cells, and this phenomenon plays a vital role in lung inflammation. Our previous studies have indicated that thrombin stimulates IL-8/CXCL8 expression through PI3K/Akt/IκB kinase (IKK)α/β/nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) and p300 pathways in human lung epithelial cells. In the present study, we explored the roles of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and p70S6 kinase (p70S6K) in thrombin-induced NF-κB activation and IL-8/CXCL8 release in human lung epithelial cells. In this study, we found that rapamycin (an mTOR inhibitor) and p70S6K siRNA diminished thrombin-induced IL-8/CXCL8 release. Thrombin induced mTOR Ser2448 phosphorylation and p70S6K Thr389 phosphorylation in a time-dependent manner. Moreover, rapamycin attenuated thrombin-stimulated p70S6K phosphorylation. We also found that transfection of cells with the dominant negative mutant of Akt (Akt DN) reduced the thrombin-induced increase in mTOR phosphorylation and p70S6K phosphorylation. Moreover, thrombin-stimulated p300 phosphorylation was attenuated by Akt DN, rapamycin, and p70S6K siRNA. Thrombin triggered p70S6K translocation from the cytosol to the nucleus in a time-dependent manner. Thrombin induced the complex formation of p70S6K, p300, and p65; acetylation of p65 Lys310, and recruitment of p70S6K, p300, and p65 to the κB-binding site of the IL-8/CXCL8 promoter region. In conclusion, these results indicate that thrombin initiates the Akt-dependent mTOR/p70S6K signaling pathway to promote p300 phosphorylation and NF-κB activation and finally induces IL-8/CXCL8 release in human lung epithelial cells.",
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AU - Shih, Chung Hung

AU - Jiang, Chun Ping

AU - Wen, Heng Ching

AU - Cheng, Wun Hao

AU - Chen, Bing Chang

PY - 2020/2/5

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N2 - Thrombin plays a crucial role in lung inflammatory diseases such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Thrombin induces the release of interleukin-8 (IL-8)/CXCL8 by lung epithelial cells, and this phenomenon plays a vital role in lung inflammation. Our previous studies have indicated that thrombin stimulates IL-8/CXCL8 expression through PI3K/Akt/IκB kinase (IKK)α/β/nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) and p300 pathways in human lung epithelial cells. In the present study, we explored the roles of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and p70S6 kinase (p70S6K) in thrombin-induced NF-κB activation and IL-8/CXCL8 release in human lung epithelial cells. In this study, we found that rapamycin (an mTOR inhibitor) and p70S6K siRNA diminished thrombin-induced IL-8/CXCL8 release. Thrombin induced mTOR Ser2448 phosphorylation and p70S6K Thr389 phosphorylation in a time-dependent manner. Moreover, rapamycin attenuated thrombin-stimulated p70S6K phosphorylation. We also found that transfection of cells with the dominant negative mutant of Akt (Akt DN) reduced the thrombin-induced increase in mTOR phosphorylation and p70S6K phosphorylation. Moreover, thrombin-stimulated p300 phosphorylation was attenuated by Akt DN, rapamycin, and p70S6K siRNA. Thrombin triggered p70S6K translocation from the cytosol to the nucleus in a time-dependent manner. Thrombin induced the complex formation of p70S6K, p300, and p65; acetylation of p65 Lys310, and recruitment of p70S6K, p300, and p65 to the κB-binding site of the IL-8/CXCL8 promoter region. In conclusion, these results indicate that thrombin initiates the Akt-dependent mTOR/p70S6K signaling pathway to promote p300 phosphorylation and NF-κB activation and finally induces IL-8/CXCL8 release in human lung epithelial cells.

AB - Thrombin plays a crucial role in lung inflammatory diseases such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Thrombin induces the release of interleukin-8 (IL-8)/CXCL8 by lung epithelial cells, and this phenomenon plays a vital role in lung inflammation. Our previous studies have indicated that thrombin stimulates IL-8/CXCL8 expression through PI3K/Akt/IκB kinase (IKK)α/β/nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) and p300 pathways in human lung epithelial cells. In the present study, we explored the roles of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and p70S6 kinase (p70S6K) in thrombin-induced NF-κB activation and IL-8/CXCL8 release in human lung epithelial cells. In this study, we found that rapamycin (an mTOR inhibitor) and p70S6K siRNA diminished thrombin-induced IL-8/CXCL8 release. Thrombin induced mTOR Ser2448 phosphorylation and p70S6K Thr389 phosphorylation in a time-dependent manner. Moreover, rapamycin attenuated thrombin-stimulated p70S6K phosphorylation. We also found that transfection of cells with the dominant negative mutant of Akt (Akt DN) reduced the thrombin-induced increase in mTOR phosphorylation and p70S6K phosphorylation. Moreover, thrombin-stimulated p300 phosphorylation was attenuated by Akt DN, rapamycin, and p70S6K siRNA. Thrombin triggered p70S6K translocation from the cytosol to the nucleus in a time-dependent manner. Thrombin induced the complex formation of p70S6K, p300, and p65; acetylation of p65 Lys310, and recruitment of p70S6K, p300, and p65 to the κB-binding site of the IL-8/CXCL8 promoter region. In conclusion, these results indicate that thrombin initiates the Akt-dependent mTOR/p70S6K signaling pathway to promote p300 phosphorylation and NF-κB activation and finally induces IL-8/CXCL8 release in human lung epithelial cells.

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