Malignant ventricular arrhythmias after off-pump coronary artery bypass

Jeng Wei Chen, Cheng Hsin Lin, Ron Bin Hsu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background/Purpose: Sustained ventricular tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation (VT/VF) are rare complications after coronary surgery. Off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) was developed to decrease postoperative complications. No studies to date have specifically addressed VT/VF after OPCAB. We sought to assess the incidence, risk factors, and outcome of VT/VF after OPCAB. Methods: The study included a retrospective review of 1010 patients undergoing OPCAB between 2000 and 2012. Data were compared between the VT/VF patients and control patients who were the first cases of OPCAB in each month during the study period and did not have VT/VF. Results: Twenty-three patients (2.3%) developed VT/VF after OPCAB. The hospital mortality rate was 17.4%. In univariate analysis, the risk factors for VT/VF were old age, rapid heart rate, prolonged corrected QT interval, severe congestive heart failure, poor left ventricular ejection fraction, large left ventricular end-diastolic diameter, chronic kidney disease, preoperative dialysis, low blood hemoglobin level, preoperative intubation, recent myocardial infarction, high European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation, urgent/emergent operation, use of intra-aortic balloon pump, conversion to on-pump beating heart, postoperative dialysis, and no use of beta-blockers after operation. Multivariate analysis identified preoperative corrected QT interval > 426 milliseconds [odds ratio (OR) = 4.501; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.153-17.570] and estimated glomerular filtration rate <30 mL/minute/1.73 m2 (OR = 4.876; 95% CI = 1.112-21.374) as independent risk factors. Conclusion: Postoperative VT/VF was rare after OPCAB but was associated with high mortality. Prolonged corrected QT interval and chronic kidney disease were independent risk factors. Recognition of these risk factors, proper prevention, and early intervention may improve survival.

Original languageEnglish
Article number863
Pages (from-to)936-942
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the Formosan Medical Association = Taiwan yi zhi
Volume114
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Off-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass
Ventricular Fibrillation
Ventricular Tachycardia
Cardiac Arrhythmias
Chronic Renal Insufficiency
Dialysis
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals
Mortality
Hospital Mortality
Glomerular Filtration Rate
Intubation
Stroke Volume
Hemoglobins
Multivariate Analysis
Heart Failure
Heart Rate
Myocardial Infarction
Survival
Incidence

Keywords

  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Off-pump coronary artery bypass
  • Ventricular arrhythmia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Malignant ventricular arrhythmias after off-pump coronary artery bypass. / Chen, Jeng Wei; Lin, Cheng Hsin; Hsu, Ron Bin.

In: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association = Taiwan yi zhi, Vol. 114, No. 10, 863, 01.10.2015, p. 936-942.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Background/Purpose: Sustained ventricular tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation (VT/VF) are rare complications after coronary surgery. Off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) was developed to decrease postoperative complications. No studies to date have specifically addressed VT/VF after OPCAB. We sought to assess the incidence, risk factors, and outcome of VT/VF after OPCAB. Methods: The study included a retrospective review of 1010 patients undergoing OPCAB between 2000 and 2012. Data were compared between the VT/VF patients and control patients who were the first cases of OPCAB in each month during the study period and did not have VT/VF. Results: Twenty-three patients (2.3{\%}) developed VT/VF after OPCAB. The hospital mortality rate was 17.4{\%}. In univariate analysis, the risk factors for VT/VF were old age, rapid heart rate, prolonged corrected QT interval, severe congestive heart failure, poor left ventricular ejection fraction, large left ventricular end-diastolic diameter, chronic kidney disease, preoperative dialysis, low blood hemoglobin level, preoperative intubation, recent myocardial infarction, high European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation, urgent/emergent operation, use of intra-aortic balloon pump, conversion to on-pump beating heart, postoperative dialysis, and no use of beta-blockers after operation. Multivariate analysis identified preoperative corrected QT interval > 426 milliseconds [odds ratio (OR) = 4.501; 95{\%} confidence interval (CI) = 1.153-17.570] and estimated glomerular filtration rate <30 mL/minute/1.73 m2 (OR = 4.876; 95{\%} CI = 1.112-21.374) as independent risk factors. Conclusion: Postoperative VT/VF was rare after OPCAB but was associated with high mortality. Prolonged corrected QT interval and chronic kidney disease were independent risk factors. Recognition of these risk factors, proper prevention, and early intervention may improve survival.",
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AU - Lin, Cheng Hsin

AU - Hsu, Ron Bin

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N2 - Background/Purpose: Sustained ventricular tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation (VT/VF) are rare complications after coronary surgery. Off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) was developed to decrease postoperative complications. No studies to date have specifically addressed VT/VF after OPCAB. We sought to assess the incidence, risk factors, and outcome of VT/VF after OPCAB. Methods: The study included a retrospective review of 1010 patients undergoing OPCAB between 2000 and 2012. Data were compared between the VT/VF patients and control patients who were the first cases of OPCAB in each month during the study period and did not have VT/VF. Results: Twenty-three patients (2.3%) developed VT/VF after OPCAB. The hospital mortality rate was 17.4%. In univariate analysis, the risk factors for VT/VF were old age, rapid heart rate, prolonged corrected QT interval, severe congestive heart failure, poor left ventricular ejection fraction, large left ventricular end-diastolic diameter, chronic kidney disease, preoperative dialysis, low blood hemoglobin level, preoperative intubation, recent myocardial infarction, high European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation, urgent/emergent operation, use of intra-aortic balloon pump, conversion to on-pump beating heart, postoperative dialysis, and no use of beta-blockers after operation. Multivariate analysis identified preoperative corrected QT interval > 426 milliseconds [odds ratio (OR) = 4.501; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.153-17.570] and estimated glomerular filtration rate <30 mL/minute/1.73 m2 (OR = 4.876; 95% CI = 1.112-21.374) as independent risk factors. Conclusion: Postoperative VT/VF was rare after OPCAB but was associated with high mortality. Prolonged corrected QT interval and chronic kidney disease were independent risk factors. Recognition of these risk factors, proper prevention, and early intervention may improve survival.

AB - Background/Purpose: Sustained ventricular tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation (VT/VF) are rare complications after coronary surgery. Off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) was developed to decrease postoperative complications. No studies to date have specifically addressed VT/VF after OPCAB. We sought to assess the incidence, risk factors, and outcome of VT/VF after OPCAB. Methods: The study included a retrospective review of 1010 patients undergoing OPCAB between 2000 and 2012. Data were compared between the VT/VF patients and control patients who were the first cases of OPCAB in each month during the study period and did not have VT/VF. Results: Twenty-three patients (2.3%) developed VT/VF after OPCAB. The hospital mortality rate was 17.4%. In univariate analysis, the risk factors for VT/VF were old age, rapid heart rate, prolonged corrected QT interval, severe congestive heart failure, poor left ventricular ejection fraction, large left ventricular end-diastolic diameter, chronic kidney disease, preoperative dialysis, low blood hemoglobin level, preoperative intubation, recent myocardial infarction, high European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation, urgent/emergent operation, use of intra-aortic balloon pump, conversion to on-pump beating heart, postoperative dialysis, and no use of beta-blockers after operation. Multivariate analysis identified preoperative corrected QT interval > 426 milliseconds [odds ratio (OR) = 4.501; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.153-17.570] and estimated glomerular filtration rate <30 mL/minute/1.73 m2 (OR = 4.876; 95% CI = 1.112-21.374) as independent risk factors. Conclusion: Postoperative VT/VF was rare after OPCAB but was associated with high mortality. Prolonged corrected QT interval and chronic kidney disease were independent risk factors. Recognition of these risk factors, proper prevention, and early intervention may improve survival.

KW - Chronic kidney disease

KW - Off-pump coronary artery bypass

KW - Ventricular arrhythmia

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