Major depression and related factors among heroin users who received methadone maintenance treatment in Taiwan: a case control study

Yi Feng Ho, Mei Hing Ng, Chi Chin Tsai, Chao Hui Lee, Duujian Tsai, Jen Yu Chou, Chieh Liang Huang, Wen Chuan Shao, Tsang Yaw Lin, Vincent Chin Hung Chen, Michael Gossopi

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Background: Mental health problems are common among illicit drug users. However, the interrelationship between depression and heroin use and the associated factors has not been fully investigated in Asian populations. This study explores the prevalence of current major depression and associated factors among heroin users receiving methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) in Taiwan. Methods: This case-control study included 583 heroin users entering the MMT program at Tsaotun Psychiatric Center in Taiwan. Socio-demographic characteristics, heroin-related problems and prevalence of major depression were assessed. The participants were divided into a depressive group and a non-depressive group. Multivariate logistic regression was used to identify the relationship between the variables and current major depression. Results: One-third (33%) of the participants reported current major depression. Severity of heroin dependence, needle sharing behavior, anxiety, lifetime suicide attempts, poor family support, and non-drug related criminal record were found to be independently associated with current major depression. Conclusion: In addition to the serious morbidity of major depression itself, other serious problems were related to depression. It is suggested that maintenance programs should screen patients for depression and provide appropriate psychiatric services to treat depression.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1-6
    Number of pages6
    JournalJournal of Substance Use
    DOIs
    Publication statusAccepted/In press - Nov 10 2016

    Fingerprint

    Methadone
    Heroin
    Taiwan
    Case-Control Studies
    Depression
    Therapeutics
    Psychiatry
    Needle Sharing
    Heroin Dependence
    suicide attempt
    Street Drugs
    Drug Users
    morbidity
    Suicide
    Mental Health
    Anxiety
    Group
    Cross-Sectional Studies
    Logistic Models
    logistics

    Keywords

    • Depression
    • heroin
    • methadone

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Health(social science)
    • Medicine (miscellaneous)

    Cite this

    Major depression and related factors among heroin users who received methadone maintenance treatment in Taiwan : a case control study. / Ho, Yi Feng; Ng, Mei Hing; Tsai, Chi Chin; Lee, Chao Hui; Tsai, Duujian; Chou, Jen Yu; Huang, Chieh Liang; Shao, Wen Chuan; Lin, Tsang Yaw; Chen, Vincent Chin Hung; Gossopi, Michael.

    In: Journal of Substance Use, 10.11.2016, p. 1-6.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Ho, Yi Feng ; Ng, Mei Hing ; Tsai, Chi Chin ; Lee, Chao Hui ; Tsai, Duujian ; Chou, Jen Yu ; Huang, Chieh Liang ; Shao, Wen Chuan ; Lin, Tsang Yaw ; Chen, Vincent Chin Hung ; Gossopi, Michael. / Major depression and related factors among heroin users who received methadone maintenance treatment in Taiwan : a case control study. In: Journal of Substance Use. 2016 ; pp. 1-6.
    @article{df68f8f6632246c894fc2aec9acf5709,
    title = "Major depression and related factors among heroin users who received methadone maintenance treatment in Taiwan: a case control study",
    abstract = "Background: Mental health problems are common among illicit drug users. However, the interrelationship between depression and heroin use and the associated factors has not been fully investigated in Asian populations. This study explores the prevalence of current major depression and associated factors among heroin users receiving methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) in Taiwan. Methods: This case-control study included 583 heroin users entering the MMT program at Tsaotun Psychiatric Center in Taiwan. Socio-demographic characteristics, heroin-related problems and prevalence of major depression were assessed. The participants were divided into a depressive group and a non-depressive group. Multivariate logistic regression was used to identify the relationship between the variables and current major depression. Results: One-third (33{\%}) of the participants reported current major depression. Severity of heroin dependence, needle sharing behavior, anxiety, lifetime suicide attempts, poor family support, and non-drug related criminal record were found to be independently associated with current major depression. Conclusion: In addition to the serious morbidity of major depression itself, other serious problems were related to depression. It is suggested that maintenance programs should screen patients for depression and provide appropriate psychiatric services to treat depression.",
    keywords = "Depression, heroin, methadone",
    author = "Ho, {Yi Feng} and Ng, {Mei Hing} and Tsai, {Chi Chin} and Lee, {Chao Hui} and Duujian Tsai and Chou, {Jen Yu} and Huang, {Chieh Liang} and Shao, {Wen Chuan} and Lin, {Tsang Yaw} and Chen, {Vincent Chin Hung} and Michael Gossopi",
    year = "2016",
    month = "11",
    day = "10",
    doi = "10.3109/14659891.2015.1021866",
    language = "English",
    pages = "1--6",
    journal = "Journal of Substance Use",
    issn = "1465-9891",
    publisher = "Informa Healthcare",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Major depression and related factors among heroin users who received methadone maintenance treatment in Taiwan

    T2 - a case control study

    AU - Ho, Yi Feng

    AU - Ng, Mei Hing

    AU - Tsai, Chi Chin

    AU - Lee, Chao Hui

    AU - Tsai, Duujian

    AU - Chou, Jen Yu

    AU - Huang, Chieh Liang

    AU - Shao, Wen Chuan

    AU - Lin, Tsang Yaw

    AU - Chen, Vincent Chin Hung

    AU - Gossopi, Michael

    PY - 2016/11/10

    Y1 - 2016/11/10

    N2 - Background: Mental health problems are common among illicit drug users. However, the interrelationship between depression and heroin use and the associated factors has not been fully investigated in Asian populations. This study explores the prevalence of current major depression and associated factors among heroin users receiving methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) in Taiwan. Methods: This case-control study included 583 heroin users entering the MMT program at Tsaotun Psychiatric Center in Taiwan. Socio-demographic characteristics, heroin-related problems and prevalence of major depression were assessed. The participants were divided into a depressive group and a non-depressive group. Multivariate logistic regression was used to identify the relationship between the variables and current major depression. Results: One-third (33%) of the participants reported current major depression. Severity of heroin dependence, needle sharing behavior, anxiety, lifetime suicide attempts, poor family support, and non-drug related criminal record were found to be independently associated with current major depression. Conclusion: In addition to the serious morbidity of major depression itself, other serious problems were related to depression. It is suggested that maintenance programs should screen patients for depression and provide appropriate psychiatric services to treat depression.

    AB - Background: Mental health problems are common among illicit drug users. However, the interrelationship between depression and heroin use and the associated factors has not been fully investigated in Asian populations. This study explores the prevalence of current major depression and associated factors among heroin users receiving methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) in Taiwan. Methods: This case-control study included 583 heroin users entering the MMT program at Tsaotun Psychiatric Center in Taiwan. Socio-demographic characteristics, heroin-related problems and prevalence of major depression were assessed. The participants were divided into a depressive group and a non-depressive group. Multivariate logistic regression was used to identify the relationship between the variables and current major depression. Results: One-third (33%) of the participants reported current major depression. Severity of heroin dependence, needle sharing behavior, anxiety, lifetime suicide attempts, poor family support, and non-drug related criminal record were found to be independently associated with current major depression. Conclusion: In addition to the serious morbidity of major depression itself, other serious problems were related to depression. It is suggested that maintenance programs should screen patients for depression and provide appropriate psychiatric services to treat depression.

    KW - Depression

    KW - heroin

    KW - methadone

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84994877217&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84994877217&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.3109/14659891.2015.1021866

    DO - 10.3109/14659891.2015.1021866

    M3 - Article

    AN - SCOPUS:84994877217

    SP - 1

    EP - 6

    JO - Journal of Substance Use

    JF - Journal of Substance Use

    SN - 1465-9891

    ER -