Magnolol attenuates peroxidative damage and improves survival of rats with sepsis

Chi Woon Kong, Kelvin Tsai, Jen Hwey Chin, Wan Leong Chan, Chuang Ye Hong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

58 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Reactive oxygen species and peroxidative damage are implicated in the pathophysiology of sepsis. Magnolol is a compound extracted from the Chinese medicinal herb Magnolia officinalis and has multiple pharmacological effects, notably antioxidant functions. To determine whether magnolol can modulate the course of sepsis, survival rate and biochemical parameters were analyzed in rats with sepsis with various treatment protocols. Magnolol at doses ranging from 10-9 g/kg to 10-5 g/kg was administered either before or after induction of sepsis by cecal ligation and puncture. Magnolol did not modulate the course of sepsis induced by two cecal punctures. When one cecal puncture was performed, a moderately evolving type of sepsis was induced, and the survival rate of affected rats was significantly improved by pretreatment with 10-7 g/kg magnolol. The beneficial effect was partially retained if magnolol was administered 6 hours after onset of sepsis when a higher dose (10-5 g/kg) was used. The intensity of lipid peroxidation in plasma, liver, and lung of septic rats was also attenuated in a treatment-dependent manner. Magnolol at this dose range exerted these beneficial effects probably through its antioxidant efficacy. These significant results may suggest magnolol as a candidate agent for the treatment of sepsis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)24-28
Number of pages5
JournalShock
Volume13
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2000
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Sepsis
Punctures
Antioxidants
Magnolia
magnolol
Medicinal Plants
Clinical Protocols
Lipid Peroxidation
Ligation
Reactive Oxygen Species
Pharmacology
Lung
Liver
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Antioxidant
  • Lipid peroxidation
  • Magnolia officinalis
  • Reactive oxygen species
  • Survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

Cite this

Kong, C. W., Tsai, K., Chin, J. H., Chan, W. L., & Hong, C. Y. (2000). Magnolol attenuates peroxidative damage and improves survival of rats with sepsis. Shock, 13(1), 24-28.

Magnolol attenuates peroxidative damage and improves survival of rats with sepsis. / Kong, Chi Woon; Tsai, Kelvin; Chin, Jen Hwey; Chan, Wan Leong; Hong, Chuang Ye.

In: Shock, Vol. 13, No. 1, 01.2000, p. 24-28.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kong, CW, Tsai, K, Chin, JH, Chan, WL & Hong, CY 2000, 'Magnolol attenuates peroxidative damage and improves survival of rats with sepsis', Shock, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 24-28.
Kong, Chi Woon ; Tsai, Kelvin ; Chin, Jen Hwey ; Chan, Wan Leong ; Hong, Chuang Ye. / Magnolol attenuates peroxidative damage and improves survival of rats with sepsis. In: Shock. 2000 ; Vol. 13, No. 1. pp. 24-28.
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