Magnetic interaction between surface-engineered rare-earth atomic Spins

Chiung Yuan Lin, Jheng Lian Li, Yao Hsien Hsieh, Keng Liang Ou, B. A. Jones

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report the ab-initio study of rare-earth adatoms (Gd) on an insulating surface. This surface is of interest because of previous studies by scanning tunneling microscopy showing spin excitations of transition-metal adatoms. The present work is the first study of rare-earth spin-coupled adatoms, as well as the geometry effect of spin coupling and the underlying mechanism of ferromagnetic coupling. The exchange coupling between Gd atoms on the surface is calculated to be antiferromagnetic in a linear geometry and ferromagnetic in a diagonal geometry. We also find that the Gd dimers in these two geometries are similar to the nearest-neighbor and the next-nearest-neighbor Gd atoms in GdN bulk. We analyze how much direct exchange, superexchange, and Ruderman-Kittel-Kasuya-Yosida interactions contribute to the exchange coupling for both geometries by additional first-principles calculations of related model systems.

Original languageEnglish
Article number021012
JournalPhysical Review X
Volume2
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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rare earth elements
adatoms
geometry
interactions
atoms
scanning tunneling microscopy
transition metals
dimers
excitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Lin, C. Y., Li, J. L., Hsieh, Y. H., Ou, K. L., & Jones, B. A. (2012). Magnetic interaction between surface-engineered rare-earth atomic Spins. Physical Review X, 2(2), [021012]. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevX.2.021012

Magnetic interaction between surface-engineered rare-earth atomic Spins. / Lin, Chiung Yuan; Li, Jheng Lian; Hsieh, Yao Hsien; Ou, Keng Liang; Jones, B. A.

In: Physical Review X, Vol. 2, No. 2, 021012, 2012.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lin, Chiung Yuan ; Li, Jheng Lian ; Hsieh, Yao Hsien ; Ou, Keng Liang ; Jones, B. A. / Magnetic interaction between surface-engineered rare-earth atomic Spins. In: Physical Review X. 2012 ; Vol. 2, No. 2.
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