Abstract

Magnetic cryopreservation has been successfully used for tooth banking with satisfactory implantation outcomes, suggesting that the method preserves human periodontal ligament cells and dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs). Therefore, magnetic cryopreservation may be applied for the preservation of DPSCs; however, this method has not been evaluated yet. A reliable cryopreservation method for live-cell preservation is important for the clinical applications of regenerative medicine. The conventional slow-freezing procedure with 10% dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) may not be appropriate for stem cell-based therapies because DMSO is cytotoxic. The objective of this study was to investigate whether magnetic cryopreservation can be applied for DPSC cryopreservation. Cells isolated from human dental pulp were subjected to magnetic cryopreservation. Postthawing cell viability, adhesion, proliferation, expression of markers for mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), differentiation ability of magnetically cryopreserved DPSCs and DNA stability were compared to those of cells subjected to the conventional slow-freezing method. The results indicated that a serum-free cryopreservation medium (SFM) containing 3% DMSO is optimal for magnetic cryopreservation. Post-thaw magnetically cryopreserved DPSCs express MSC markers, and perform osteogenesis and adipogenesis after induction similarly to fresh MSCs. No significant DNA damage was found in magnetically cryopreserved DPSCs. Magnetic cryopreservation is thus a reliable and effective method for storage of DPSCs. The smaller amount of DMSO required in SFM for cryopreservation is beneficial for the clinical applications of post-thaw cells in regenerative medicine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-33
Number of pages11
JournalCells Tissues Organs
Volume196
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2012

Fingerprint

Dental Pulp
Cryopreservation
Stem Cells
Dimethyl Sulfoxide
Mesenchymal Stromal Cells
Regenerative Medicine
Serum-Free Culture Media
Freezing
Adipogenesis
Periodontal Ligament
Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy
Osteogenesis
Cell Adhesion
DNA Damage
Cell Differentiation
Cell Survival
Tooth

Keywords

  • Dental pulp stem cell
  • Magnetic cryopreservation
  • Stem cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy
  • Histology

Cite this

Magnetic cryopreservation for dental pulp stem cells. / Lee, Sheng Yang; Huang, Guo Wei; Shiung, Jau Nan; Huang, Yen Hua; Jeng, Jiiang Huei; Kuo, Tzong Fu; Yang, Jen Chang; Yang, Wei Chung Vivian.

In: Cells Tissues Organs, Vol. 196, No. 1, 06.2012, p. 23-33.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lee, Sheng Yang ; Huang, Guo Wei ; Shiung, Jau Nan ; Huang, Yen Hua ; Jeng, Jiiang Huei ; Kuo, Tzong Fu ; Yang, Jen Chang ; Yang, Wei Chung Vivian. / Magnetic cryopreservation for dental pulp stem cells. In: Cells Tissues Organs. 2012 ; Vol. 196, No. 1. pp. 23-33.
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