Lysophosphatidic acid upregulates vascular endothelial growth factor-C and tube formation in human endothelial cells through LPA1/3, COX-2, and NF-κB activation- and EGFR transactivation-dependent mechanisms

Chi Iou Lin, Chiung Nien Chen, Miao Tzu Huang, Shyh Jye Lee, Chih Hsin Lin, Cheng Chi Chang, Hsinyu Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is a lipid bioactive mediator which binds to G-protein-coupled receptors and activates a variety of cellular functions. LPA modulates multiple behaviors in endothelial cells, including cell proliferation and migration, capillary-like tube formation in vitro, activation of proteases, interactions with leukocytes, and expressions of inflammation-related genes, thereby regulating vessel formation. LPA has been reported to modulate the angiogenesis process. However, the role of LPA in the lymphangiogenesis process has not been studied. In this study, we showed that LPA upregulated vascular endothelial growth factor-C (VEGF-C) mRNA expression in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and subsequent endothelial cell tube formation in vitro and in vivo. These enhancement effects were LPA1- and LPA3-dependent and required cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), endothelial growth factor receptor (EGFR) transactivation and activation of nuclear factor kappaB (NF-κB). Moreover, LPA induced the protein expressions of the lymphatic markers, Prox-1, LYVE-1, and podoplanin, in HUVECs, and these enhancement effects were dependent on LPA1 and LPA3 activation and EGFR transactivation. Our results demonstrated that LPA might regulate VEGF-C and lymphatic marker expression in endothelial cells, which contributes to endothelial cell tube formation in vitro and in vivo, thus facilitating endothelial cell participation in the lymphangiogenesis process. This study clarifies the signaling mechanism of LPA-regulated VEGF-C expression and lymphatic marker expressions in endothelial cells, which suggest that LPA may be a suitable target for generating therapeutics against lymphangiogenesis and tumor metastasis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1804-1814
Number of pages11
JournalCellular Signalling
Volume20
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2008
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2)
  • Endothelial cells
  • Endothelial growth factor receptor (EGFR) transactivation
  • Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA)
  • Nuclear factor kappaB (NF-κB)
  • Vascular endothelial growth factor-C (VEGF-C)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

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