In Taiwan, among all kinds of the disabled population, the prevalence of the hearing-impaired population is the second. Although it seemed that they almost have no difficulty in daily life, in fact, the hearing loss may make them have a disabled life, evenly an influence on personality, cognitive function, and mental health and so on. Understanding the hearing-impaired population's variables in Taiwan is the basic of policy making. The purpose of the study is to understand and analyze the prevalence of the hearing-impaired population's variable of the gender, grade, and geography in long-term trend in Taiwan by. The method of the study is using Microsoft Office Excel 2013 to collate the disabled population's data which are from 2000 years to 2014 years in the website of Ministry of Health and Welfare. Calculating the prevalence of the hearing-impaired population's variable in Taiwan, including age, gender, grade, and area. The gender is including male and female. The grade is including extreme, moderate, and mild. The area is including east area, west area, north area, south area, and other area. The age is including from 2000 to 2014. Then using SPSS 22.0 version to analyze data. Results showed that the prevalence of male and female are both increased significantly, and all the hearing loss are also increased significantly. In the hearing loss's percentage of gender, male is decreased significantly, and female is increased significantly. In the hearing loss, the percentage of the respectively grade in male and female, both genders are decreased significantly in the grade of extreme and moderate and increased significantly. The prevalence of the hearing loss in the east area, west area, north area, south area, and other area are all increased significantly, and the north area is the most. Hope that the study could be the basic of policy making, and more effectively promote the benefit of the hearing loss.
|Translated title of the contribution||Long-term Trend of Hearing Loss Disability Prevalence: Gender and Geographic Disparities|
|Original language||Traditional Chinese|
|Number of pages||12|
|Publication status||Published - 2016|
- Hearing loss
- gender disparity
- geographic difference