Long-term psychological outcome of 1999 Taiwan earthquake survivors: a survey of a high-risk sample with property damage

Chin Hung Chen, Happy Kuy Lok Tan, Long Ren Liao, Hsiu Hsi Chen, Chang Chuan Chan, Joseph Jror Serk Cheng, Chung Ying Chen, Tsu Nai Wang, Mong Liang Lu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

94 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Severe natural disasters can cause long-term psychological impact on the survivors. This study aimed to examine the prevalence and risk factors of posttraumatic stress symptoms and psychiatric morbidity among survivors of the severe earthquake that occurred in Chi-Chi, Taiwan, in September 21, 1999. Methods: A total of 6412 earthquake survivors whose houses were destroyed by earthquake were recruited about 2 years after the disaster. They completed a self-report questionnaire assessing posttraumatic stress symptoms, psychiatric morbidity, and information of demographics, trauma exposure, and current living status. Results: The estimated rates of posttraumatic stress disorder caseness and psychiatric morbidity were 20.9% and 39.8%, respectively. Psychiatric morbidity occurred mainly in survivors who were female, older, with low education level, and currently living in a prefabricated house. The risk factors for posttraumatic stress disorder caseness were female sex, currently living in a prefabricated house, low education level, and experienced complete destruction of property. Conclusion: These results showed that severe earthquake can cause long-term psychological impact in the survivors. The findings of risk factors suggest avenues for targeting postdisaster interventions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)269-275
Number of pages7
JournalComprehensive Psychiatry
Volume48
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2007

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Earthquakes
Taiwan
Survivors
Psychiatry
Psychology
Morbidity
Disasters
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders
Education
Self Report
Demography
Surveys and Questionnaires
Wounds and Injuries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Long-term psychological outcome of 1999 Taiwan earthquake survivors : a survey of a high-risk sample with property damage. / Chen, Chin Hung; Tan, Happy Kuy Lok; Liao, Long Ren; Chen, Hsiu Hsi; Chan, Chang Chuan; Cheng, Joseph Jror Serk; Chen, Chung Ying; Wang, Tsu Nai; Lu, Mong Liang.

In: Comprehensive Psychiatry, Vol. 48, No. 3, 05.2007, p. 269-275.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chen, Chin Hung ; Tan, Happy Kuy Lok ; Liao, Long Ren ; Chen, Hsiu Hsi ; Chan, Chang Chuan ; Cheng, Joseph Jror Serk ; Chen, Chung Ying ; Wang, Tsu Nai ; Lu, Mong Liang. / Long-term psychological outcome of 1999 Taiwan earthquake survivors : a survey of a high-risk sample with property damage. In: Comprehensive Psychiatry. 2007 ; Vol. 48, No. 3. pp. 269-275.
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