Long-term efficacy and stability of atrial sensing in VDD pacing

Chun Yao Huang, Ta Chuan Tuan, Wen Shin Lee, Chien Ming Cheng, Shemg Jong Lin, Chi Woon Kong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Background: The efficacy and stability of atrial electrode sensing function is essential in maintaining atrioventricular (AV) synchrony and activity response in VDD pacing. Studies to evaluate the relationship between atrial sensing efficacy, stability, and implantation strategy are few. Hypothesis: This study sought to determine the possible predictors, among the recipients' underlying clinical conditions and the implantation strategies used, of achieving the most stable and effective atrial sensing. Methods: Eighty consecutive adults implanted with VDD pacemakers were studied retrospectively. Atrial electrodes were positioned where the optimal atrial potentials (APs) were measured during implantation. Interrogation parameters, including AV-synchrony ratio, were acquired immediately post implantation, at 1 year, and at 2 years after pacemaker implantation. Appropriate atrial sensing efficacy was defined as AV-synchrony ratio ≥ 90%. The stability of atrial sensing was evaluated by the variation ranges of measured APs. Results: The measured APs showed no statistical difference when age, gender, or comorbidity was considered. However, with pacing-lead bending angles <90°, patients may have presented with larger APs and narrower AP variation than patients with obtuse angles. There were no clinical parameters in our study that could have predicted the proper atrial sensing efficacy with an AV-synchrony ratio ≥ 90%. Conclusions: The long-term sensing efficacy and stability of VDD pacing is reliable. More sophisticated implantation strategies may further improve the atrial sensing stability and efficacy in VDD pacing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)203-207
Number of pages5
JournalClinical Cardiology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2005
Externally publishedYes


  • Atrial potentials
  • Atrioventricular synchrony
  • Bending angle
  • Efficacy
  • Fluoroscopy
  • Single-lead VDD pacemaker
  • Stability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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