Long-term comparison of four techniques for obtaining nasal symmetry in unilateral complete cleft lip patients: A single surgeon's experience

Chun Shin Chang, Yong Chen Por, Eric Jein Wein Liou, Chee Jen Chang, Philip Kuo Ting Chen, M. Samuel Noordhoff

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Background: This study was the result of a constant evaluation of surgical techniques and results to obtain excellence in primary cleft rhinoplasty. Methods: This was a retrospective study from 1992 to 2003 comparing the long-term outcomes of four techniques of nasal reconstruction. There were 76 patients divided into four groups: group I (n = 23 patients), primary rhinoplasty alone; group II (n = 16 patients), nasoalveolar molding alone; group III (n = 14 patients), nasoalveolar molding plus primary rhinoplasty; and group IV (n = 23 patients), nasoalveolar molding plus primary rhinoplasty plus overcorrection. The surgical results were analyzed using photographic records obtained at 5 years of age. A ratio of six measurements was obtained comparing the cleft and noncleft sides. A panel assessment was obtained to grade the appearance of the surgical results. All surgery was performed by the senior author (P.K.T.C.). Results: The results are given for groups I to IV, respectively. The nostril height ratio was 0.73, 0.77, 0.81, and 0.95. The nostril width ratio was 1.23, 1.36, 1.23, and 1.21. The one-fourth medial part of nostril height ratio was 0.70, 0.87, 0.92, and 1.00. The nasal sill height ratio was 0.75, 1.02, 1.07, and 1.07. The nostril area ratio was 0.86, 0.89, 0.95, and 1.08. The nostril height-to-width ratio was 0.58, 0.58, 0.71, and 0.92. Finally, group IV had the best panel assessment. Conclusions: The results revealed that group IV had the best overall result. Overcorrection of 20 percent was necessary to maintain the nostril height. Further technical modifications are necessary to minimize widening of the nostril width.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1276-1284
Number of pages9
JournalPlastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2010
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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