The Ca2+-adenosinetriphosphatase pump of the sarcoplasmic or endoplasmic reticulum (SERCA) plays a critical role in Ca2+ signaling and homeostasis in all cells and is encoded by a family of homologous and alternatively spliced genes. To understand more clearly the role the different isoforms play in cell physiology, we have undertaken a quantitative and qualitative assessment of the tissue distribution of transcripts encoding each SERCA isoform. SERCA1 expression is restricted to fast-twitch striated muscles, SERCA2a to cardiac and slow-twitch striated muscles, whereas SERCA2b is ubiquitously expressed. SERCA3 is expressed most abundantly in large and small intestine, thymus, and cerebellum and at lower levels in spleen, lymph node, and lung. In situ hybridization analyses revealed SERCA3 transcripts in cells of the intestinal crypt, the thymic cortex, and Purkinje cells in cerebellum. In addition, SERCA3 was expressed abundantly in isolated rat spleen lymphocytes, in various murine lymphoid cell lines, and in primary cultured microvascular endothelial cells. This analysis demonstrates that SERCA3 is expressed selectively in cells in which Ca2+ signaling plays a critical and sensitive role in regulating physiological processes.
- in situ hybridization
- quantitative Northern blotting
- sarcoplasmic or endoplasmic reticulum calcium-adenosinetriphosphatase isoforms
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology