Liver reperfusion-induced decrease in dynamic compliance and increase in airway resistance are ameliorated by preischemic treatment with melatonin through scavenging hydroxyl radicals in rat lungs

J. H. Yeh, C. L. Su, C. F. Chen, D. Wang, J. J. Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: Acute lung injury is frequently observed in patients subsequent to liver ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) injury. However, the changes in pulmonary function, eg, lung dynamic compliance (C dyn) and airway resistance (RI), are not well understood. We sought to study the alternations in pulmonary function during liver I/R and the protective effects of preischemic treatment with melatonin. Methods: Animals were divided into 3 groups: sham-operated, liver I/R, and intraperitoneal (i.p.) pretreatment with melatonin (15 mg/kg). Liver I/R was performed by clamping the hepatic artery and portal vein for 30 minutes followed by releasing for 2 hours. The C dyn and RI were studied at baseline and at 2 hours of reperfusion. We assessed the level of pulmonary hydroxyl radicals by methylguanidine (MG) content in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) as well as the liver damage using plasma levels of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (GOT), and glutamic pyruvic transaminase (GPT). Results: After 2 hours of liver reperfusion, C dyn was reduced by ∼25%, while RI increased by ∼16% (P dyn and increased RI were markedly attenuated by melatonin pretreatment (P

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)966-969
Number of pages4
JournalTransplantation Proceedings
Volume44
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Transplantation

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