Lipid treatment assessment project 2: A multinational survey to evaluate the proportion of patients achieving low-density lipoprotein cholesterol goals

David D. Waters, Carlos Brotons, Cheng Wen Chiang, Jean Ferrières, Joanne Foody, J. Wouter Jukema, Raul D. Santos, Juan Verdejo, Michael Messig, Ruth McPherson, Ki Bae Seung, Lisa Tarasenko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

251 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND-: Information about physicians' adherence to cholesterol management guidelines remains scant. The present survey updates our knowledge of lipid management worldwide. METHODS AND RESULTS-: Lipid levels were determined at enrollment in dyslipidemic adult patients on stable lipid-lowering therapy in 9 countries. The primary end point was the success rate, defined as the proportion of patients achieving appropriate low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) goals for their given risk. The mean age of the 9955 evaluable patients was 62±12 years; 54% were male. Coronary disease and diabetes mellitus had been diagnosed in 30% and 31%, respectively, and 14% were current smokers. Current treatment consisted of a statin in 75%. The proportion of patients achieving LDL-C goals according to relevant national guidelines ranged from 47% to 84% across countries. In low-, moderate-, and high-risk groups, mean LDL-C was 119, 109, and 91 mg/dL and mean high-density lipoprotein cholesterol was 62, 49, and 50 mg/dL, respectively. The success rate for LDL-C goal achievement was 86% in low-, 74% in moderate-, and 67% in high-risk patients (73% overall). However, among coronary heart disease patients with ≤2 risk factors, only 30% attained the optional LDL-C goal of 60 mg/dL in 26% of patients. CONCLUSIONS-: Although there is room for improvement, particularly in very-high-risk patients, these results indicate that lipid-lowering therapy is being applied much more successfully than it was a decade ago.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)28-34
Number of pages7
JournalCirculation
Volume120
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 7 2009

Keywords

  • Hypercholesterolemia
  • Lipids
  • Prevention
  • Statins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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