Linkage between pain sensitivity and empathic response in adolescents with autism spectrum conditions and conduct disorder symptoms

Chenyi Chen, An Yi Hung, Yang Teng Fan, Shuai Tan, Hua Hong, Yawei Cheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Lack of empathy is one of the behavioral hallmarks in individuals with autism spectrum conditions (ASC) as well as youth with conduct disorder symptoms (CDS). Previous research has reliably documented considerable overlap between the perception of others' pain and first-hand experience of pain. However, the linkage between empathy for pain and sensitivity to physical pain needs to be empirically determined, particularly in individuals with empathy deficits. This study measured the pressure pain threshold, which indexes sensitization of peripheral nociceptors, and assessed subjective ratings of unpleasantness and pain intensity in response to empathy-eliciting stimuli depicting physical bodily injuries in three age- and sex-matched participant groups: ASC, CDS, and typically developing controls (TDC). The results indicated that the pain threshold was lowest in the ASC group and highest in the CDS group. The ASC group displayed lower ratings of unpleasantness and pain intensity than did the TDC and CDS groups. Within the ASC and CDS, pain intensity ratings were significantly correlated with unpleasantness ratings to others' pain. Moreover, the ASC significantly differed from the TDC in the correlation between pain threshold values and unpleasantness ratings. These findings may cast some light on the linkage between atypical low-level sensory functioning, for instance altered pain sensitivity, and high-level empathic processing. Autism Res 2017, 10: 267–275.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)267-275
Number of pages9
JournalAutism Research
Volume10
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • autism spectrum conditions
  • conduct disorder symptom
  • empathy
  • pain sensitivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Genetics(clinical)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Linkage between pain sensitivity and empathic response in adolescents with autism spectrum conditions and conduct disorder symptoms'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this