Leptin, superoxide dismutase, and weight loss: Initial leptin predicts weight loss

Ling Ying Shih, Tsan Hon Liou, Jane C J Chao, Hsin Nung Kau, Yi Jiun Wu, Ming-Che Hsieh, Ching-Ying Yeh, Bor Cheng Han

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Our goal was to study how plasma leptin concentration, superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, and weight loss are related in obese adults. Research Methods and Procedures: Serum leptin concentration, SOD activities, general biochemical data, and body composition measurements were obtained for 62 overweight and obese subjects before and after an 8-week body weight reduction (BWR) regimen. The subjects were on dietary control, performed moderate aerobic and strength training exercises, and attended educational lectures. Results: The measurement results indicated that the following criteria were significantly reduced: body weight [84.4 ± 17.0 vs. 79.3 ± 16.1 (standard error) kg, p <0.001]; BMI (31.5 ± 4.3 vs. 29.4 ± 4.2 kg/m2, p <0.001), and fat mass (33.3 ± 10.0 vs. 29.8 ± 10.4 kg, p <0.001). Plasma leptin levels also significantly decreased from 31.5 ± 17.6 to 26.5 ± 17.2 ng/mL (p <0.001). Additionally, SOD activity was significantly increased from 261.4 ± 66.0 to 302.7 ± 30.9 U/mL (p <0.001). Based on linear regression analysis results, a 3.78- to 8.13-kg reduction in weight can be expected after the 8-week BWR regimen when initial leptin concentration was 5 to 30 ng/mL. Discussion: We found that an 8-week exercise and diet program was effective in reducing weight and fat mass and, notably, had further beneficial effects on leptin resistance and SOD activity. Additionally, this study demonstrated that initial plasma leptin concentration may be used as a predictor for weight loss outcome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2184-2192
Number of pages9
JournalObesity
Volume14
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2006

Keywords

  • BMI
  • Fat mass
  • Leptin
  • Superoxide dismutase activity
  • Weight reduction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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