Background The power of left atrial (LA) parameters for predicting left ventricular (LV) filling pressure and adverse events in acute heart failure (HF) with severe LV dysfunction, either sinus rhythm or atrial fibrillation (AF), is not fully understood. Methods and Results Echocardiography was performed in 141 patients with acute decompensated congestive HF and LV ejection fraction <35%, including 42 with permanent AF. The LA expansion index was calculated as (Volmax − Volmin) × 100%/Volmin, where Volmax was defined as maximal and Volmin as minimal LA volume. Of 141 patients, invasive LV filling pressures within 12 hours of LA expansion index measurement were available in 109. The end points were 3-year frequencies of HF hospitalization and all-cause mortality. Over a median follow-up of 3.1 years, 74 participants (52.5%) reached the end points (sinus vs AF group: 48.5% vs 61.9%, respectively; P = .047). Multivariate analysis revealed that adverse events of both groups were only independently associated with age and LA expansion index. Rates of adverse events were proportional to LA expansion index. There was a good logarithmic relationship between LA expansion index and LV filling pressure, regardless of presence or absence of AF. Conclusions LV filling pressure can be estimated well by LA expansion index, with or without AF. The LA expansion index predicts adverse events in HF patients with severe systolic dysfunction. (ClinicalTrials.gov number: NCT01307722).
- Adverse event
- congestive heart failure
- left atrial expansion index
- left ventricular filling pressure
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine