Latrunculin B modulates electrophysiological characteristics and arrhythmogenesis in pulmonary vein cardiomyocytes

Yen Yu Lu, Yung-Kuo Lin, Zhi Hong Wen, Yao Chang Chen, Shih Ann Chen, Yi-Jen Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

AF (atrial fibrillation) is the most common sustained arrhythmia, and the PVs (pulmonary veins) play a critical role in triggering AF. Stretch causes structural remodelling, including cytoskeleton rearrangement, which may play a role in the genesis of AF. Lat-B (latrunculin B), an inhibitor of actin polymerization, is involved in Ca2+ regulation. However, it is unclear whether Lat-B directly modulates the electrophysiological characteristics and Ca2+ homoeostasis of the PVs. Conventional microelectrodes, whole-cell patch-clamp, and the fluo-3 fluorimetric ratio technique were used to record ionic currents and intracellular Ca2+ within isolated rabbit PV preparations, or within isolated single PV cardiomyocytes, before and after administration of Lat-B (100 nM). Langendorff-perfused rabbit hearts were exposed to acute and continuous atrial stretch, and we studied PV electrical activity. Lat-B (100 nM) decreased the spontaneous electrical activity by 16± 4% in PV preparations. Lat-B (100 nM) decreased the late Na+ current, L-type Ca2+ current, Na+/Ca2+ exchanger current, and stretch-activated BKCa current, but did not affect the Na+ current in PV cardiomyocytes. Lat-B reduced the transient outward K+ current and ultra-rapid delayed rectifier K+ current, but increased the delayed rectifier K+ current in isolated PV cardiomyocytes. In addition, Lat-B (100 nM) decreased intracellular Ca2+ transient and sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ content in PV cardiomyocytes. Moreover, Lat-B attenuated stretch-induced increased spontaneous electrical activity and trigger activity. The effects of Lat-B on the PV spontaneous electrical activity were attenuated in the presence of Y-27632 [10 μM, a ROCK (Rho-associated kinase) inhibitor] and cytochalasin D (10 μM, an actin polymerization inhibitor). In conclusion, Lat-B regulates PV electrophysiological characteristics and attenuates stretch-induced arrhythmogenesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)721-732
Number of pages12
JournalClinical Science
Volume130
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2016

Fingerprint

Pulmonary Veins
Cardiac Myocytes
Atrial Fibrillation
Polymerization
Actins
latrunculin B
Rabbits
Cytochalasin D
rho-Associated Kinases
Sarcoplasmic Reticulum
Microelectrodes
Cytoskeleton
Cardiac Arrhythmias
Homeostasis

Keywords

  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Latrunculin B
  • Pulmonary veins
  • Stretch

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Latrunculin B modulates electrophysiological characteristics and arrhythmogenesis in pulmonary vein cardiomyocytes. / Lu, Yen Yu; Lin, Yung-Kuo; Wen, Zhi Hong; Chen, Yao Chang; Chen, Shih Ann; Chen, Yi-Jen.

In: Clinical Science, Vol. 130, No. 9, 01.05.2016, p. 721-732.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lu, Yen Yu ; Lin, Yung-Kuo ; Wen, Zhi Hong ; Chen, Yao Chang ; Chen, Shih Ann ; Chen, Yi-Jen. / Latrunculin B modulates electrophysiological characteristics and arrhythmogenesis in pulmonary vein cardiomyocytes. In: Clinical Science. 2016 ; Vol. 130, No. 9. pp. 721-732.
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AU - Lin, Yung-Kuo

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AU - Chen, Shih Ann

AU - Chen, Yi-Jen

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AB - AF (atrial fibrillation) is the most common sustained arrhythmia, and the PVs (pulmonary veins) play a critical role in triggering AF. Stretch causes structural remodelling, including cytoskeleton rearrangement, which may play a role in the genesis of AF. Lat-B (latrunculin B), an inhibitor of actin polymerization, is involved in Ca2+ regulation. However, it is unclear whether Lat-B directly modulates the electrophysiological characteristics and Ca2+ homoeostasis of the PVs. Conventional microelectrodes, whole-cell patch-clamp, and the fluo-3 fluorimetric ratio technique were used to record ionic currents and intracellular Ca2+ within isolated rabbit PV preparations, or within isolated single PV cardiomyocytes, before and after administration of Lat-B (100 nM). Langendorff-perfused rabbit hearts were exposed to acute and continuous atrial stretch, and we studied PV electrical activity. Lat-B (100 nM) decreased the spontaneous electrical activity by 16± 4% in PV preparations. Lat-B (100 nM) decreased the late Na+ current, L-type Ca2+ current, Na+/Ca2+ exchanger current, and stretch-activated BKCa current, but did not affect the Na+ current in PV cardiomyocytes. Lat-B reduced the transient outward K+ current and ultra-rapid delayed rectifier K+ current, but increased the delayed rectifier K+ current in isolated PV cardiomyocytes. In addition, Lat-B (100 nM) decreased intracellular Ca2+ transient and sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ content in PV cardiomyocytes. Moreover, Lat-B attenuated stretch-induced increased spontaneous electrical activity and trigger activity. The effects of Lat-B on the PV spontaneous electrical activity were attenuated in the presence of Y-27632 [10 μM, a ROCK (Rho-associated kinase) inhibitor] and cytochalasin D (10 μM, an actin polymerization inhibitor). In conclusion, Lat-B regulates PV electrophysiological characteristics and attenuates stretch-induced arrhythmogenesis.

KW - Atrial fibrillation

KW - Latrunculin B

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