Individual differences in susceptibility to human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection have been of interest for decades. We aimed to determine the contribution of large isoform of Mammalian DnaJ (MRJ-L), a HIV-1 Vpr-interacting cellular protein, to this natural variation. Expression ofMRJ-L in monocyte-derived macrophages was significantly higher in HIV-infected individuals (n=31) than their uninfected counterparts (n=27) (p= 0.009). Fifty male homosexual subjects (20 of them are HIV-1 positive) were further recruited to examine the association between MRJ-L levels and occurrence of HIV infection. Bayesian multiple logistic regression revealed that playing a receptive role and increased levels of MRJ-L in macrophages were two risk factors for HIV-1 infection. A 1% rise in MRJ-L expression was associated with a 1.13 fold (95% CrI 1.06-1.29) increase in odds of contracting HIV-1 infection. Ex vivo experiments revealed that MRJ-L facilitated Vpr-dependent nuclear localization of virus. Infection ofmacrophage-tropic strain is a critical step in HIV-1 transmission.MRJ-L is a critical factor in this process; hence, subjects with higher macrophage MRJ-L levels are more vulnerable to HIV-1 infection.
- Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)
- Mammalian relative of dnaj (MRJ)
- Susceptibility to infection
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)