Label-free, color-indicating, polarizer-free dye-doped liquid crystal microfluidic polydimethylsiloxane biosensing chips for detecting albumin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We reveal a novel design for dye-doped liquid crystal (DDLC) microfluidic biosensing chips in the polydimethylsiloxane material. With this design chip, the orientation of DDLCs was affected by the interface between the walls of the channels and DDLCs. When the inside of a channel was coated with an N,N-dimethyl-n-octadecyl-3-aminopropyltrimethoxysilyl chloride (DMOAP) alignment layer, the DDLCs oriented homeotropically in a homeotropic (H) state under cross-polarized microscopy. After immobilization of antigens with antibodies on the alignment layer-coated microchannel walls, the optical intensity of the DDLC change from the dark H state to the bright planar (P) state. Using pressure-driven flow, the binding of antigens/antibodies to the DDLCs could be detected in an experimental sequential order. The microfluidic DDLCs were tested by detecting bovine serum albumin (BSA) and its immune-responses of antigens/antibodies. We proved that this immunoassay chip was able to detect BSA antigens/antibodies pairs with the detection limit about 0.5 µg/mL. The novel DDLC chip was shown to be a simple, multi-detection device, and label-free microfluidic chips are presented.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2587
JournalPolymers
Volume13
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2 2021

Keywords

  • Albumin
  • Biosensing chips
  • Dye-doped liquid crystal
  • Microfluidic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Polymers and Plastics

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