Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behavior Toward Smoking Cessation among Hospital Pharmacists in Taiwan

Jui Chia Chang, Yen Ying Lee, Li Na Kuo, Pei Yu Hsiao, Hsiang Yin Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: Prior studies on pharmacists and smoking cessation have focused on community-based professionals. The purpose of this study was to survey the knowledge, attitude, and practice of smoking cessation of hospital-based pharmacists in Taiwan. Methods: Pharmacists of 23 hospitals in Taiwan were sampled using stratified randomization. A questionnaire included 10 multiple-choice questions that measured knowledge about smoking cessation, 10 questions on attitude using a five-point scale, and 10 questions on practice using a five-point scale. Results: A total of 769 participants completed the survey questionnaire. The valid response rate was 70.88%, among which 688 participants (89.5%) had never smoked, 50 (6.5%) were former smokers, and 31 (4.0%) current smokers. Only 211 pharmacists (28.74%) received education, at least once, on assisting patients with smoking cessation. The mean score on the knowledge section of the questionnaire was 5.12 ± 2.36. Nonsmoking pharmacists had a more positive attitude toward their role in smoking cessation than current smokers (38.98 ± 4.64 vs. 36.58 ± 5.54, p <0.05). Approximately 10% of the pharmacists actively assessed a patient's smoking status, provided information, or assisted patients in smoking cessation prior to the survey time. Conclusion: The smoking rate among hospital pharmacists in Taiwan was 4%, which was significantly lower than that of 20% of the general population. Future efforts should include education and training, encouraging pharmacists who are current smokers to stop smoking, and actively assisting patients in smoking cessation. Addressing tobacco dependence should be part of the standard of care for pharmacists as well as education on smoking cessation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)249-254
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Experimental and Clinical Medicine(Taiwan)
Volume4
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2012

Fingerprint

Smoking Cessation
Taiwan
Pharmacists
Smoking
Education
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Tobacco Use Disorder
Standard of Care
Random Allocation
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • Questionnaire
  • Smoking cessation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behavior Toward Smoking Cessation among Hospital Pharmacists in Taiwan. / Chang, Jui Chia; Lee, Yen Ying; Kuo, Li Na; Hsiao, Pei Yu; Chen, Hsiang Yin.

In: Journal of Experimental and Clinical Medicine(Taiwan), Vol. 4, No. 4, 08.2012, p. 249-254.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{98220abd99a24558af6fc89df2e268c5,
title = "Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behavior Toward Smoking Cessation among Hospital Pharmacists in Taiwan",
abstract = "Purpose: Prior studies on pharmacists and smoking cessation have focused on community-based professionals. The purpose of this study was to survey the knowledge, attitude, and practice of smoking cessation of hospital-based pharmacists in Taiwan. Methods: Pharmacists of 23 hospitals in Taiwan were sampled using stratified randomization. A questionnaire included 10 multiple-choice questions that measured knowledge about smoking cessation, 10 questions on attitude using a five-point scale, and 10 questions on practice using a five-point scale. Results: A total of 769 participants completed the survey questionnaire. The valid response rate was 70.88{\%}, among which 688 participants (89.5{\%}) had never smoked, 50 (6.5{\%}) were former smokers, and 31 (4.0{\%}) current smokers. Only 211 pharmacists (28.74{\%}) received education, at least once, on assisting patients with smoking cessation. The mean score on the knowledge section of the questionnaire was 5.12 ± 2.36. Nonsmoking pharmacists had a more positive attitude toward their role in smoking cessation than current smokers (38.98 ± 4.64 vs. 36.58 ± 5.54, p <0.05). Approximately 10{\%} of the pharmacists actively assessed a patient's smoking status, provided information, or assisted patients in smoking cessation prior to the survey time. Conclusion: The smoking rate among hospital pharmacists in Taiwan was 4{\%}, which was significantly lower than that of 20{\%} of the general population. Future efforts should include education and training, encouraging pharmacists who are current smokers to stop smoking, and actively assisting patients in smoking cessation. Addressing tobacco dependence should be part of the standard of care for pharmacists as well as education on smoking cessation.",
keywords = "Questionnaire, Smoking cessation",
author = "Chang, {Jui Chia} and Lee, {Yen Ying} and Kuo, {Li Na} and Hsiao, {Pei Yu} and Chen, {Hsiang Yin}",
year = "2012",
month = "8",
doi = "10.1016/j.jecm.2012.06.003",
language = "English",
volume = "4",
pages = "249--254",
journal = "Journal of Experimental and Clinical Medicine",
issn = "1878-3317",
publisher = "Elsevier Taiwan LLC",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behavior Toward Smoking Cessation among Hospital Pharmacists in Taiwan

AU - Chang, Jui Chia

AU - Lee, Yen Ying

AU - Kuo, Li Na

AU - Hsiao, Pei Yu

AU - Chen, Hsiang Yin

PY - 2012/8

Y1 - 2012/8

N2 - Purpose: Prior studies on pharmacists and smoking cessation have focused on community-based professionals. The purpose of this study was to survey the knowledge, attitude, and practice of smoking cessation of hospital-based pharmacists in Taiwan. Methods: Pharmacists of 23 hospitals in Taiwan were sampled using stratified randomization. A questionnaire included 10 multiple-choice questions that measured knowledge about smoking cessation, 10 questions on attitude using a five-point scale, and 10 questions on practice using a five-point scale. Results: A total of 769 participants completed the survey questionnaire. The valid response rate was 70.88%, among which 688 participants (89.5%) had never smoked, 50 (6.5%) were former smokers, and 31 (4.0%) current smokers. Only 211 pharmacists (28.74%) received education, at least once, on assisting patients with smoking cessation. The mean score on the knowledge section of the questionnaire was 5.12 ± 2.36. Nonsmoking pharmacists had a more positive attitude toward their role in smoking cessation than current smokers (38.98 ± 4.64 vs. 36.58 ± 5.54, p <0.05). Approximately 10% of the pharmacists actively assessed a patient's smoking status, provided information, or assisted patients in smoking cessation prior to the survey time. Conclusion: The smoking rate among hospital pharmacists in Taiwan was 4%, which was significantly lower than that of 20% of the general population. Future efforts should include education and training, encouraging pharmacists who are current smokers to stop smoking, and actively assisting patients in smoking cessation. Addressing tobacco dependence should be part of the standard of care for pharmacists as well as education on smoking cessation.

AB - Purpose: Prior studies on pharmacists and smoking cessation have focused on community-based professionals. The purpose of this study was to survey the knowledge, attitude, and practice of smoking cessation of hospital-based pharmacists in Taiwan. Methods: Pharmacists of 23 hospitals in Taiwan were sampled using stratified randomization. A questionnaire included 10 multiple-choice questions that measured knowledge about smoking cessation, 10 questions on attitude using a five-point scale, and 10 questions on practice using a five-point scale. Results: A total of 769 participants completed the survey questionnaire. The valid response rate was 70.88%, among which 688 participants (89.5%) had never smoked, 50 (6.5%) were former smokers, and 31 (4.0%) current smokers. Only 211 pharmacists (28.74%) received education, at least once, on assisting patients with smoking cessation. The mean score on the knowledge section of the questionnaire was 5.12 ± 2.36. Nonsmoking pharmacists had a more positive attitude toward their role in smoking cessation than current smokers (38.98 ± 4.64 vs. 36.58 ± 5.54, p <0.05). Approximately 10% of the pharmacists actively assessed a patient's smoking status, provided information, or assisted patients in smoking cessation prior to the survey time. Conclusion: The smoking rate among hospital pharmacists in Taiwan was 4%, which was significantly lower than that of 20% of the general population. Future efforts should include education and training, encouraging pharmacists who are current smokers to stop smoking, and actively assisting patients in smoking cessation. Addressing tobacco dependence should be part of the standard of care for pharmacists as well as education on smoking cessation.

KW - Questionnaire

KW - Smoking cessation

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84865793875&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84865793875&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jecm.2012.06.003

DO - 10.1016/j.jecm.2012.06.003

M3 - Article

VL - 4

SP - 249

EP - 254

JO - Journal of Experimental and Clinical Medicine

JF - Journal of Experimental and Clinical Medicine

SN - 1878-3317

IS - 4

ER -