Regulation of the homeostatic concentrations of specific sets of transcription factors is essential for correct programming of cell proliferation and differentiation. We have characterized the signal transduction pathways regulating the catabolisis of p45/NF-E2, a bZIP factor activating the erythroid and megakaryocytic gene transcription. Through use of different approaches including nano-scale proteomics, we show that activated-JNK, or Phospho-JNK (P-JNK), physically interacts with p45/NF-E2 and phosphorylates its Ser157 residue. This reaction leads to the poly-ubiquitination of p45/NF-E2 at one or more of six Lys residues, one of which being also a sumoylation site, and its degradation through the proteasome pathway. Significantly, this regulatory pathway of p45/NF-E2 by P-JNK exists only in uninduced murine erythroleukemia (MEL) cells but not in differentiated MEL cells in which JNK is inactivated on DMSO induction. Based on the above data and analysis of the chromatin-binding kinetics of p45/NF-E2 and the erythroid gene repressor Bach1 during the early phase of MEL differentiation, we suggest a model for the regulation of erythroid maturation. In the model, the posttranslational modifications and turnover of p45/NF-E2, as mediated by P-JNK, contribute to the control of its homeostatic concentration and consequently, its regulatory functions in the progression of erythroid differentiation and erythroid gene expression.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|Publication status||Published - 2010|
- Erythroid differentiation
- Proteasome degradation
ASJC Scopus subject areas