We investigated the role of tachykinins in airway neurogenic responses occurring in the early phase of endotoxemia. Forty-eight anesthetized guinea pigs were evenly divided into six groups pretreated with either saline vehicle, CP-96,345 (a tachykinin NK(1) receptor antagonist), SR-48,968 (a tachykinin NK(2) receptor antagonist) or CP-96,345 and SR-48,968 in combination. Animals then received an intravenous injection of either saline (the vehicle for endotoxin) or endotoxin (30 mg/kg). Total lung resistance (R(L)) and dynamic lung compliance (C(dyn)) were continuously measured before and 30 min after administration of saline or endotoxin. Airway microvascular leakage was assessed at the end of the observation period. Endotoxin significantly increased R(L) and decreased C(dyn) 10 min after intravenous endotoxin injection. Plasma extravasation significantly increased in the trachea, main bronchi and intrapulmonary airways with endotoxin administration. These changes in lung mechanics were abolished by SR-48,968, but were unaffected by CP-96,345. The plasma extravasation was largely attenuated by CP-96,345 and/or SR-48,968. We conclude that (1) endogenous tachykinins play an important role in producing changes in lung mechanics and airway microvascular leakage during the early phase of endotoxemia and (2) activation of tachykinin NK(2) receptors is responsible for the former response, while activation of both tachykinin NK(1) and NK(2) receptors is involved in the latter response.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Biomedical Science|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 2002|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)