Investigation of the antioxidant capacity, insecticidal ability and oxidation stability of Chenopodium formosanum seed extract

Kai Jen Chuang, Zong Jiang Chen, Chih Lun Cheng, Gui Bing Hong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


To maximize the extraction of antioxidants from Chenopodium formosanum seeds, the process factors, such as the ethanol concentration (0–100%), extraction time (30–180 min) and temperature (30–70 C), for the extraction of the bioactive contents as well as the antioxidant capacity are evaluated using response surface methodology (RSM). The experimental results fit well with quadratic models. The extract was identified by GC/MS, and it was found that some active compounds had antioxidant, repellency and insecticidal activities. Various concentrations of the extract were prepared for the evaluation of the insecticidal activity against Tribolium castaneum, and the toxicity test results indicated that the extract was toxic to Tribolium castaneum, with an LC50 value of 354.61 ppm. The oxidative stability of the olive oil determined according to the radical scavenging activity and p-anisidine test demonstrates that the extract obtained from the Chenopodium formosanum seeds can retard lipid oxidation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2726
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sep 12 2018



  • Antioxidant
  • Chenopodium formosanum
  • Heat oxidation
  • Insecticidal
  • Optimization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

Cite this