Inverse relation of body weight with short-term and long-term mortality following hip fracture surgery: a meta-analysis

Tzu I. Yang, Yu Hang Chen, Ming Hsiu Chiang, Yi Jie Kuo, Yu Pin Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The obesity paradox, which suggests that high body weight is positively associated with survival in some diseases, has not been proven in patients with hip fracture. In this study, meta-analysis of previous studies on the impacts of body weight on postoperative mortality following hip fracture surgery in older adults was conducted. Methods: PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane library were searched for studies investigating the correlation between mortality after hip fracture surgery and body weight. The search main items included: (“Body mass index” OR “BMI” or “body weight”) and (“hip fracture” or “hip fractures”). Studies contained data on short-term (≤ 30-day) and long-term (≥ 1 year) mortality after hip fracture and its association with distinct body weight or BMI groups were reported as full-text articles were included in this meta-analysis. Results: Eleven separate studies were included. The definitions of underweight and obesity differed among the included studies, but the majority of the enrolled studies used the average body weight definition of a BMI of 18.5 to 24.9 kg/m2; underweight referred to a BMI of < 18.5 kg/m2; and obesity pertained to a BMI of > 30 kg/m2. Based on the generalized definitions of body-weight groups from the enrolled studies, the group with obesity had lower long-term (odds ratio [OR]: 0.63, 95% CI: 0.50–0.79, P < 0.00001) and short-term (OR: 0.63, 95% CI: 0.58–0.68, P ≤ 0.00001) mortality rates after hip fracture surgery when compared with patients with average-weight group. However, compared with the average-weight group, the underweight group had higher long-term (OR: 1.51, 95% CI: 1.15-1.98, P=0.003) and short-term (OR: 1.49, 95% CI: 1.29-1.72, P<0.00001) mortality rates after hip fracture surgery. Conclusions: Current evidence demonstrates an inverse relation of body weight with long-term and short-term mortality after hip fracture surgery in older adults.

Original languageEnglish
Article number249
JournalJournal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022

Keywords

  • Body weight
  • Mortality
  • Obesity
  • Surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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