Invasive mold infections in acute leukemia patients undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation

Sheng Hsuan Chien, Yao Chung Liu, Chia Jen Liu, Po Shen Ko, Hao Yuan Wang, Liang Tsai Hsiao, Tzeon Jye Chiou, Jin Hwang Liu, Jyh Pyng Gau

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background/purpose: Patients with acute leukemia undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) are exposed to high risk of developing invasive fungal infections, and the invasive mold infections (IMIs) are becoming more and more common after transplantation. Here, we conducted a retrospective study to analyze demographics, microbiology, and risk factors for IMIs development in adult acute leukemia patients undergoing allo-HSCT. Methods: We reviewed 245 adult acute leukemia patients undergoing allo-HSCT from January 2003 to December 2014. Clinical characteristics including age, sex, conditioning regimens, European Group for Blood and Bone marrow Transplantation (EBMT) risk score, and presence of acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) or chronic GVHD (cGVHD) were collected and analyzed. Cox proportional hazard model was adopted to explore the independent risk factors for IMIs developments. Results: Seventeen of 245 patients developed IMIs during the study period. The cumulative incidence of IMIs in this cohort was 8.7% and 16.8% at 6 and 12 months, respectively, with Aspergillus species being the most common pathogen. The significant risk factors predicting IMIs were unrelated donor transplantation (hazard ratio [HR] 5.11), smoking (HR 3.55), EBMT risk score > 2 (HR 4.22), and moderate to severe cGVHD (HR 3.76). Conclusions: We identified four risk factors-unrelated donor transplantation, smoking, EBMT risk score >2 and moderate to severe cGVHD to predict IMIs among acute leukemia patients undergoing allo-HSCT. This cohort study suggests early identification of high-risk patients and to provide better prevention strategies would reduce the incidence and severity of IMIs in these patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)973-982
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection
Volume52
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Acute leukemia
  • Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
  • Graft-versus-host disease
  • Mold infection
  • Smoking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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